[感恩的文章简短]简短的英语文章

发布时间:2017-7-19 15:53:00 编辑:goodook 手机版

范文一:简短的英语名人名言

简短的英语名人名言

1、A great talker is a great liar.  说大话者多谎言。

2、You are not in charge of the universe; you are in charge of yourself.  你并不掌管整个宇宙,但你得掌管你自己。

3、Life lies not in living but in liking.  生活的意义并不在于活着,而在于爱好人生。

4、A leopard cannot change its spots.  积习难改。

5、A bird in the hand is worth than two in the bush.  一鸟在手胜过双鸟在林。

6、Adversity leads to prosperity.  穷则思变。

7、Live not to eat, but eat to live.  不要为了吃饭活着,而要为了活着吃饭。

8、A bully is always a coward.  色厉内荏。

9、A liar is not believed when he speaks the truth.  说谎者即使讲真话也没人相信。

10、A bad beginning makes a bad ending.  不善始者不善终。

11、Life consists not in holding good cards, but in playing well those you hold.  生活不在于握有一手好牌,而在于把手里的牌打好。

12、A good conscience is a soft pillow.  不做亏心事,不怕鬼叫门。

13、A good book is a good friend.  好书如挚友。

14、There is a history in all men's lives.  所有人的生活里都有一部历史。

15、A friend is easier lost than found.  得朋友难,失朋友易。

16、I eat merely to put food out of my mind.  我吃东西只是为了不再去想食物。

17、Life is just a series of trying to make up your mind.  生活只是由一系列下决心的努力所构成。

18、A friend is never known till a man has need.  需要之时方知友。

19、A good wife health is a man's best wealth.  妻贤身体好是男人最大的财富。

20、For man is man and master of his fate.  人就是人,是自己命运的主人。

21、A candle lights others and consumes itself.  蜡烛照亮别人,却毁灭了自己。

22、A good book is the best of friends, the same today and forever.  一本好书,相伴一生。

23、A good husband makes a good wife.  夫善则妻贤。

24、After you is good manners.  “您先请”是礼貌。

25、A good beginning is half done.  良好的开端是成功的一半。

26、A cat has 9 lives.  猫有九条命。

27、A good fame is better than a good face.  美名胜过美貌。

28、A good beginning makes a good ending.  善始者善终。

29、A hedge between keeps friendship green.  君子之交淡如水。

30、A friend in need is a friend indeed.  患难见真情。

31、A cat may look at a king.  人人平等。

32、A fall into a pit, a gain in your wit.  吃一堑,长一智。

33、Do one thing at a time, and do well.  一次只做一件事,做到最好。

34、Life is not all beer and skittles.  人生并不全是吃喝玩乐。

35、A fair death honors the whole life.  死得其所,流芳百世。

36、A close mouth catches no flies.  病从口入。

37、Adversity makes a man wise, not rich.  逆境出人才。

38、A burden of one's choice is not felt.  爱挑的担子不嫌重。

39、A constant guest is never welcome.  常客令人厌。

40、A faithful friend is hard to find.  知音难觅。

41、Actions speak louder than words.  事实胜于雄辩。

42、A joke never gains an enemy but loses a friend.  戏谑不能化敌为友,只能使人失去朋友。

43、One should eat to live, not live to eat.  人生应为生而食,不应为食而生。

44、A good medicine tastes bitter.  良药苦口。

45、A fox may grow gray, but never good.  江山易改,本性难移。

46、A friend without faults will never be found.  没有十全十美的朋友。

47、A bad thing never dies.(m.lz13.cn)  遗臭万年。

48、A boaster and a liar are cousins-german.  吹牛与说谎本是同宗。

49、A bad workman always blames his tools.  不会撑船怪河弯。

* 每日一句英语名言

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* 英语名言

范文二:简短的英语名人名言

简短的英语名人名言 1、Agreattalkerisagreatliar. 说大话者多谎言。 2、Youarenotinchargeoftheuniverse;youareinchargeofyourself. 你并不掌管整个宇宙,但你得掌管你自己。 3、Lifeliesnotinlivingbutinliking. 生活的意义并不在于活着,而在于爱好人生。 4、Aleopardcannotchangeitsspots. 积习难改。 5、Abirdinthehandisworththantwointhebush. 一鸟在手胜过双鸟在林。 6、Adversityleadstoprosperity. 穷则思变。 7、Livenottoeat,buteattolive. 不要为了吃饭活着,而要为了活着吃饭。 8、Abullyisalwaysacoward. 色厉内荏。 9、Aliarisnotbelievedwhenhespeaksthetruth. 说谎者即使讲真话也没人相信。 10、Abadbeginningmakesabadending. 不善始者不善终。 11 、 Lifeconsistsnotinholdinggoodcards,butinplayingwellthoseyouhold. 生活不在于握有一手好牌,而在于把手里的牌打好。 12、Agoodconscienceisasoftpillow. 不做亏心事,不怕鬼叫门。 13、Agoodbookisagoodfriend. 好书如挚友。 14、Thereisahistoryinallmen'slives. 所有人的生活里都有一部历史。 15、Afriendiseasierlostthanfound. 得朋友难,失朋友易。 16、Ieatmerelytoputfoodoutofmymind. 我吃东西只是为了不再去想食物。 17、Lifeisjustaseriesoftryingtomakeupyourmind. 生活只是由一系列下决心的努力所构成。 18、Afriendisneverknowntillamanhasneed. 需要之时方知友。 19、Agoodwifehealthisaman'sbestwealth. 妻贤身体好是男人最大的财富。 20、Formanismanandmasterofhisfate. 人就是人,是自己命运的主人。 21、Acandlelightsothersandconsumesitself. 蜡烛照亮别人,却毁灭了自己。 22、Agoodbookisthebestoffriends,thesametodayandforever. 一本好书,相伴一生。 23、Agoodhusbandmakesagoodwife. 夫善则妻贤。 24、为食而生。 44、Agoodmediciastesbitter. 良药苦口。 45、Afoxmaygrowgray,butnevergood. 江山易改,本性难移。 46、Afriendwithoutfaultswillneverbefound. 没有十全十美的朋友。 47、Abadthingneverdies. 遗臭万年。 48、Aboasterandaliararecousins-german. 吹牛与说谎本是同宗。 49、Abadworkmanalwaysblameshistools. 不会撑船怪河弯。 50、givemorethanyouplannedto. 多多给予,不必计较。 51、believeinyourself. 相信自己! 52、considerthingsfromeveryangle. 思考问题要全面。 53、don'tgiveupanddon'tgivein. 不要放弃,不要言败! 54、wantitmorethatanything. 必须之物最重要。 55、xcellerateyourefforts. 加倍努力! 56、zeroinyourtarget,andgoforit. 从零开始,勇往直前! 立志名言警句 70 句 承担责任的经典名人名言 礼仪格言警句 2fj0f9c5bAPP 移动弹窗广告联盟平台 www.adwomi.com

范文三:简短的英语名人名言

简短的英语名人名言

w ww. gov .cn 消 息

1、Agreattalkerisagreatliar. 说大话者多谎言。 2、Youarenotinchargeoftheuniverse;youareinchargeofyourself. 你并不掌管整个宇宙,但你得掌管你自己。 3、Lifeliesnotinlivingbutinliking. 生活的意义并不在于活着,而在于爱好人生。 4、Aleopardcannotchangeitsspots. 积习难改。 5、Abirdinthehandisworththantwointhebush. 一鸟在手胜过双鸟在林。 6、Adversityleadstoprosperity. 穷则思变。 7、Livenottoeat,buteattolive. 不要为了吃饭活着,而要为了活着吃饭。 8、Abullyisalwaysacoward. 色厉内荏。 9、Aliarisnotbelievedwhenhespeaksthetruth. 说谎者即使讲真话也没人相信。 10、Abadbeginningmakesabadending. 不善始者不善终。 11 、

Lifeconsistsnotinholdinggoodcards,butinplayingwellthoseyouhold. 生活不在于握有一手好牌,而在于把手里的牌打好。 12、Agoodconscienceisasoftpillow. 不做亏心事,不怕鬼叫门。 13、Agoodbookisagoodfriend. 好书如挚友。 14、Thereisahistoryinallmen'slives. 所有人的生活里都有一部历史。 15、Afriendiseasierlostthanfound. 得朋友难,失朋友易。 16、Ieatmerelytoputfoodoutofmymind. 我吃东西只是为了不再去想食物。 17、Lifeisjustaseriesoftryingtomakeupyourmind. 生活只是由一系列下决心的努力所构成。 18、Afriendisneverknowntillamanhasneed. 需要之时方知友。 19、Agoodwifehealthisaman'sbestwealth. 妻贤身体好是男人最大的财富。 20、Formanismanandmasterofhisfate. 人就是人,是自己命运的主人。 21、Acandlelightsothersandconsumesitself. 蜡烛照亮别人,却毁灭了自己。

22、Agoodbookisthebestoffriends,thesametodayandforever. 一本好书,相伴一生。 23、Agoodhusbandmakesagoodwife. 夫善则妻贤。 24、应为生而食,不应为食而生。

44、Agoodmediciastesbitter. 良药苦口。 45、Afoxmaygrowgray,butnevergood. 江山易改,本性难移。 46、Afriendwithoutfaultswillneverbefound. 没有十全十美的朋友。 47、Abadthingneverdies. 遗臭万年。 48、Aboasterandaliararecousins-german. 吹牛与说谎本是同宗。 49、Abadworkmanalwaysblameshistools. 不会撑船怪河弯。 50、givemorethanyouplannedto. 多多给予,不必计较。 51、believeinyourself. 相信自己! 52、considerthingsfromeveryangle. 思考问题要全面。 53、don'tgiveupanddon'tgivein. 不要放弃,不要言败! 54、wantitmorethatanything. 必须之物最重要。

55、xcellerateyourefforts. 加倍努力! 56、zeroinyourtarget,andgoforit. 从零开始,勇往直前! 立志名言警句 70 句 承担责任的经典名人名言 礼仪格言警句

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范文四:简短有趣的英语演讲

英语演讲幽默开场白

作为一个演讲者,我从观众那只得到过两种抱怨:一种是我讲话声音太大了,他们无法入睡;第二种是我讲得时间太长了,他们无法一直清醒。

作为一个讲演者,他的演讲总拿来和林肯的哥得堡演讲[一个著名的演讲]相比较。当他演讲结束时,也有悲伤、眼泪和悲痛——特别是计划委员会。

幽默注释:演讲者讲得太糟糕了,组织者哭得很伤心。

演讲结束时,宴会主人感谢你从繁忙的日程中抽出时间来——你泰然自若,优雅地点头微笑着,心里非常清楚你日历上唯一的事情就是就早餐后喝点咖啡poise is when you finish your speech and the toastmaster thanks you for taking time out of your busy schedule to be a part of their program --- and you nod and smile graciously knowing full well that the only thing on your calendar is a little coffee from breakfast.

幽默注释:一些老干部退休后没什么事干,有人请他参加一些活动,他还假装很忙,好象推开了很多事才赶去似的。

过去我演讲时常常会比较紧张,但那时我看到一条信息说如果你想象所有的观众都是裸体会有所帮助。此时此刻,我站在这里想象着观众都是裸体,真的起作用,我不再紧张了,但眼睛有些疲劳。

i used to get nervous when giving a speech but then i read that it helps to think of the entire audience as being naked. and so, at this very moment, i’m standing up here imagining every one in this audience as being naked. and it really works. i no suffer from nervousness. eyestrain. yes

幽默注释:把观众想象成裸体,意思是我不怕你们,就不紧张了。

创新句子:大部分人站在讲台上都会有点儿紧张,我属于少部分人,我非常

紧张。

我本人不自负——我简直不能告诉你们我是多么钦佩我这一点。

personally, i have never been conceited --- and i can’t tell you how much i admire myself for that.

幽默句子:他因为自己不自负,所以变得非常骄傲。

创新句子:我一点儿都不自负,我希望别人也这么看我.

我先用简单明了的英语演讲,以后我再翻译给律师听。

let me put this into plain english. i’ll translate it for the lawyers later.幽默注释:律师总喜欢用复杂的语言,简单的话都听不懂了。

创新句子:我的讲话有三个版本,小学生版本,中学生版本,大学生版本,你是听小学一年纪版的,还是小学二年纪版的?

如果你听过这个故事,请不要打断我,我就知道这一个故事。

if you’ve already heard this story, please don’t stop me because it’s the only one i know.

幽默注释:就是你知道两个故事,讲故事前也可以这么说。

创新句子:我讲个笑话,如果你们听过,也希望装做没听过,我也这样照顾你们。 演讲就象给草坪浇水,如果有四分之一的水渗下去你就满意了。

making a speech is like watering a lawn. you’re satisfied if just a quarter of it sinks in.

幽默注释:有人打呼噜,有人说话,都是正常的,有四分之一观众听就不错了。 幽默句子:即兴演讲的开场白。

创新句子:我不知道你们会不会喜欢我的演讲,我不知道我要讲点儿什么开始前我想告

诉你们下面的演讲已经编辑成了电视节目,我现在少讲20分钟,我们能够及时赶回家看2台的节目。

before i begin, i want you to know that the following speech has been edited for television. i cut 20 minutes out of it so we could all get home in time for the game on channel 2.

幽默注释:放着现场不看,偏要回家在电视上看。

可能你们有些人知道我今晚出现在这里有两个原因:第一个原因是你们的计划委员会一直在设法寻找一个聪明、有趣、老练的演讲者,——他们找到了。第二个原因是那个人病了,所以就打电话把我找来了。

幽默注释:一开始好象在说自己很牛,其实就是个临时替场。

创新句子:我认为我演讲很风趣,可为什么没人笑呢?篇二:简单有趣的英语小故事 a new bike

英文:

a new bike

i got a new bike.

it is fast.

i like it.

ho! ho! i got a new car.

it is faster than your bike.

your bike is too slow.

ha! ha! i got a new motorcycle.

it is faster than your car.

your car is too slow.

hee! hee! hee! i got a new airplane.

it is faster than your motorcycle.

your motorcycle is too slow.

i got a new rocket.

it is faster than your airplane.

your airplane is too slow.

my rocket is the fastest.

the airplane is slower than the rocket.

the motorcycle is slower than the airplane.

the car is slower than the motorcycle.

and, my bike is slower than the car.

my bike is the slowest.

but, i dont care!

i got a new yellow bike.

and, i like it.

译文:

一辆新自行车

我有一辆新自行车。

它是快的。

我喜欢它。

嗬!嗬!我有一辆新汽车。

它比你的自行车快。

你的自行车太慢了。

哈!哈!我有一辆新摩托车。

它比你的汽车快。

你的汽车太慢了。

呵!呵!我有一架新飞机。

它比你的摩托车快。

你的摩托车太慢了。

我有一支火箭,

它比你的飞机快多了。

你的飞机太慢了。

我的火箭是最快的。

飞机比火箭慢。

摩托车比飞机慢。

汽车比摩托车慢。

而我的自行车比汽车慢。

但是我不介意。

我有一辆黄颜色的新自行车。

我喜欢它。

beautiful spring

英文:

beautiful spring

beautiful spring is here.

the winter is gone.

but the birds are back.

the snow is gone.

but the flowers are back.

old coats are gone.

but new ones are here.

spring is a beautiful time.

译文:

美丽的春天

春天就在这里。

冬天走了。

而且鸟儿回来。

雪融化了。

而且花儿回来了。

旧衣服走了。

而且新衣服在这里了。

春天是一段美丽的时光。

a wolf had been badly wounded by dogs. he lay sick and maimed in his lair. he felt very hungry and thirsty. when a sheep passed by, he asked him to fetch some water from the stream.

if you bring me the water, he said, i will find means to get some food.

yes, said the sheep, if i bring you the water, you would undoubtedly make me your food.

狼和羊

●狼被狗所咬,伤势很严重,痛苦地躺在巢穴里,不能外出觅食。

●他感到又饿又渴,这时,他看见一只羊,便请求他到附近的小河里为他取一点水来。 ●“你给我一点水解渴”,他说,“我就能自己去寻找食物了。”

●“是呀”,羊回答说,“如果我给你送水喝,那么我就会成为你的食物。”

寓意: 谎言是经不起推敲的,它很容易被人们识破。

one day,a little monkey is playing by the well.

一天,有只小猴子在井边玩儿。

he looks in the well and shouts :

它往井里一瞧,高喊道:

“oh!my god!the moon has fallen into the well!”

“噢!我的天!月亮掉到井里头啦!”

an older monkeys runs over, takes a look,and says,篇三:幽默英语演讲小短文(2分钟的)

as food is to the body, so is learning to the mind. our bodies grow and muscles develop with the intake of adequate nutritious food. likewise, we should keep learning day by day to maintain our keen mental power and expand our intellectual capacity. constant learning supplies us with inexhaustible fuel for driving us to sharpen our power of reasoning, analysis, and judgment. learning incessantly is the surest way to keep pace with the times in the information age, and an infallible warrant of success in times of uncertainty.

学习之于心灵,就像食物之于身体一样。摄取了适量的营养食物,我们的身体得以生长而肌肉得以发达。同样地,我们应该日复一日不断地学习以保持我们敏锐的心智能力,并扩充我们的智力容量。不断的学习提供我们用不尽的燃料,来驱使我们磨利我们的推理、分析和判断的能力。持续的学习是在信息时代中跟时代并驾齐驱的最稳当的方法,也是在变动的世代中成功的可靠保证。

一旦学习停止,单调贫乏的生活就开始了。视学校为汲取知识的唯一场所是种常见的谬误。相反地,学习应该是一种无终止的历程,从生到死。由于世界一直快速地在变动,只要学习停顿数日就将使人落后。更糟的是,蛰伏在我们潜意识深处的兽性本能就会复活,削弱我们追求高贵理想的意志,弱化我们扫除成功障碍的决心,而且扼杀我们净化我们人格的欲望。缺少学习将不可避免地导致心灵的停滞,甚至更糟地,使其僵化。因此,为了保持心理年轻,我们必须将学习当作一生的事业。

2.heavy schoolwork【课业繁重】

in my opinion, the schoolwork now being assigned to high school students is too heavy. while it is true that students need to study, they need other things as well if they are to grow into healthy and well-rounded adults. high should be allowed more time for play. playing is not wasting time, as some think. it gives them physical exercise, and also exercise their imagination. which tends to be stifled by too much study. finally, the pressure put on high school students by excessive schoolwork can cause serious stress, which is unhealthy physically and mentally. i do not advocate the elimination of schoolwork. i do think, however, that a reduction of the current heavy load would be beneficial to students and to the society as a whole.

我认为目前高中生的课业实在太重了,虽然说学生的确应当念书,但是要想长大成为健全的人,他门还需要一些其它的东西,所以应该给高中生较多从事娱乐的时间。娱乐并不如某些人所想的,是在浪费时间,它可以让学生锻炼身体,发挥被繁重课业扼杀的想象力。此外,繁重的课业加诸在高中生身上的压力可能引起严重的情绪紧张,这对身心都有害。我并非主张废除学校课业,但是我认为减

轻目前繁重的课业对于学生和整个社会都是有益的。

3.time【时间】

lost time is never found again. this is something which i learned very clearly last semester. i spent so much time fooling around that my grades began to suffer. i finally realized that something had to be done. it was time for a change. now i have a new plan for using my time wisely. i have set my alarm clock ahead half an hour. this will give me a head start on the day. i have also decided to keep a log of what i do and when i do it. looking back on what i’ve done will give me some ideas on how to reorganize my time.

时光一去不复返,这是我上学期清楚学到的教训。我浪费很多时间四处游荡,以致于我的成绩开始退步。最后我终于了解到我必须有所作为;该是痛改前非的时候了。

现在我有一个明智运用时间的新方法。我已将闹钟早拨半小时,这将使我这一天的作息提前开始。我也决定将我所做的一切及做这些事的时间记录下来。回顾我所做的事情会启发我如何重新安排我的时间。

4.work and play【工作与娱乐】

what i usually do to relax after school is jogging and seeing movies. usually i dont spare time for exercise, but i value the physical education class at school. jogging several rounds in the field certainly relieves the days pressure. on weekends, ill catch the morning movie for my visual enjoyment. i feel revived and energetic for another weeks work-load.

工作与娱乐并不互相冲突,事实上,它们之间的关系还相辅相成。有句格言说:「整日工作而没有休闲娱乐,会令人变得沉闷乏味。」被工作重担压得喘不过气来的生活,将使你一事无成,因为你将对一成不变的例行公事感到厌烦。由另一方面来说,适度的娱乐活动能提供各种管道,来渲泄你被压抑的情绪,减轻单调生活中的紧张与不悦。

放学之后,我最常做的休闲活动,便是慢跑与看电影。通常我并不特地拨出时间来做运动,但是我很重视学校的体育课。在操场上慢跑几圈,无疑地可以减轻一天的压力。在周末时,我都去看早场电影,享受视觉飨宴。如此一来,我将有如再生般的充沛活力,去面对下一星期的工作量。

5.my first job【我的第一份工作】

my first job was at a cramming school. it was three years ago when i just graduated from junior high school and finished the entrance examination. since i had nothing to do that summer, i decided to find a job, tasting the joy of independence. i was responsible for answering the telephone and taking the message. i worked eight hours a day, six days a week. the work was not difficult nor heavy to me and i guess i did well. the most delighted thing was perhaps that i could spend the money i earned all by myself.

我的第一份工作是在一家补习班做事。那是三年前我刚从国中毕业,考完联考时的事了。既然我那整个夏天都闲着没事,倒不如找份差事,尝尝独立赚钱的快乐。

我负责接听电话且纪录留言的工作。我一天工作八小时,一星期工作六天。那份工作对

我而言既不困难亦不沉重,所以我想我还满称职的。而最令人快乐的事大概莫过于花全部由自己赚来的钱了!

6.my favorite sports【我最喜爱的运动】

sports help everyone to keep healthy, happy, and efficient. so i pay special attention to games, especially table-tennis. table tennis is my favorite game. i play it almost every day.

table-tennis is an ideal game us because it brings the whole body into action. it strengthens our muscles, expands our lungs, promotes the circulation of the blood, and causes a healthy action of the skin. besides, it is very amusing and does not cost us much money. table-tennis is very moderate; it is not so rough as football. it is an indoor game and can be played even on rainy days. thus, it is my favorite kind of exercise.

运动能帮助每一个人保持健康、快乐和有效率。所以我特别重视运动,特别是桌球,桌球是我最喜欢的运动。我几乎每天玩。

桌球对我们而言,是一项理想的运动,因为它可以使我们全身运动,它可以增强我们的肌肉,扩张我们的肺部,促进血液循环,并且使肌肤产生健康作用,此外,它很有趣而且所费不多。桌球是相当温和适中的,它不像足球那么粗野。它是一种室内运动,甚至在下雨天也能玩。因此,桌球是我最喜爱的一种运动。

范文五:好的英语文章

The Perfect Resume

发布时间:2012-06-14文章出自:www.cbsnews.com原文链接:点击查看As a former CEO, I've hired plenty of people. Only a few resumes stand out as exceptional. I'm not talking about how they were written or designed, but the experience and skills they reflected. A career trajectory that said simply, loyee Can Do Anything

When, many years later, we parted company, she went to work for Fidelity. And yes, that eventually drove her nuts and she went to a start up. But by then she had such a dazzling resume, she could have worked anywhere. What her resume said was this:

I can manage any kind of budget, large or small.

I understand the timing and financial implications of long and short product cycles and their commensurate financial risk.

I can operate with complete autonomy or under a great deal of scrutiny.

I appreciate the cultural and emotional differences in groups and am nimble in navigating both.

I can work with anyone.

She had superb skills, honed in blue chip companies, combined with a brilliant and flexible attitude. Who wouldn't want to hire her?

完美简历

发布时间:2012-06-14文章出自:译言原文链接:点击查看 作为一位前CEO,我已经招聘过很多人了。这之中仅仅只有一些简历因为写得特别好而脱颖而出。我说的不是他们写或者设计得好,而是他们简历中所反映出的经验和能力。理想情况是,你在职业道路上能够说出“我可以胜任任何事。”那么,怎么样才能让一个简历显现出这些?我给你讲一个以前在我这里申请工作的女性的故事。她在大公司和创业的小企业中都工作过。传统的说法说你可以胜任其中之一,而只有很小一部分人二者都适合。我强烈反对。下面是原因。

作为一位前CEO,我已经招聘过很多人了。这之中仅仅只有一些简历因为写得特别好而脱颖而出。我说的不是他们写或者设计得好,而是他们简历中所反映出的经验和能力。理想情况是,你在职业道路上能够说出“我可以胜任任何事。”

那么,怎么样才能让一个简历显现出这些?我给你讲一个以前在我这里申请工作的女性的故事。她在大公司和创业的小企业中都工作过。传统的说法说你可以胜任其中之一,而只有很小一部分人二者都适合。我强烈反对。

下面是原因。

大公司培训你

这位女性后来成为我的CFO,而强生公司是她事业的开始。强生公司是一个拥有巨大规模的公司,它上上下下有非常多的处理进程和很多很多的法则。在那里,她学会了架构化,秩序和一些确实重要的规矩。在企业融资和企业政治,她都炉火纯青。但是她年轻、聪明、有活力,不出人意料,最终她厌烦了这种慢悠悠节奏的生活。她辞职了,转而去为一家自己创业的小公司工作。

创业公司拓展你

在硅谷,她得去学做什么事情:租办公室,谈租金,买办公室的家具,每月做帐——当然,她还要学会为自己说话。小公司里没有什么既定的处理方式,所以她根据自己的方式做事,并建立了一些合适的方式。她非常擅

长询问关于查询需要特别对待的金融问题。最终,因为那家小公司的混乱的高速增长与CEO喜欢“一拍脑门儿”就行动的行为,让她回到了另一家大公司——这一次,她去了东芝。

大公司建立你的影响力

这时,她的简历上已经有很多很棒的工作经验,因此她就得到了更多有趣的工作,以及更重的工作职责。拥有了这种影响力,在大公司里做起事来就有很多乐趣了:她可以做更多的决策并且能得到更多的关注。因为她在小公司的工作经历,她比她的那些只了解某一领域知识和靠公司进程催促下干活同龄人懂得的东西更多。这也意味着她能够有机会去做更多、有更高级别的项目。她告诉我,这家日本企业对细节问题太沉迷——他们对细节的斤斤计较实在到了一种让她忍受不了程度。这时她决定来为我工作。

你的灵活性为你赢得更多的自由

在我的公司时, 她做事的风格严肃而又富有弹性。她不会坚持让我们非用某种方式办事,但她知道我们什么时候需要这种方式。她擅长问棘手的问题,但她愿意接受任何答案。当她生第一个孩子时,她来找我并列出了一份极详细的计划,告诉我当她重返工作岗位的时候会怎样做。我让她放松,并明确告诉她:放手去做,我相信你不会让我失望。

当然,她没有让我失望。重要的是,她享受到了一种更高级别的灵活度,这是在一般的传统企业里都不可能带给她的。

一个优秀的雇员可以做任何事

多年后我们分开时,她去Fidelity工作。是的,大公司让她受不了了,她又去了一家小创业公司。但是这时,她已经有了一份炫目的简历——她可以在任何地方工作。她的简历上显示出来的是这个意思:

我可以管理任何类型的预算,不论它们的规模大小。

我了解产品长短周期的时间和对财务的影响,以及相应的金融风险。

我可以完全自主运作,或在监督下做事。

我很欣赏不同群体文化和情感上的差异,我可以灵活掌握和人相处的方式。

我可以为任何人工作。

她有过人的能力,在蓝筹股公司磨练过,又有这样积极向上的工作态度和富有弹性的工作风格,还有谁不想雇佣她?

范文六:优美的英语文章1

Girls of summer

在还是小女孩的时候,夏天是我们的,那时,我家住在田纳西河畔。在那些永无尽头、一天天彼此交融的湿润夏日里,我们撒了野地跑着。没有学校的管束,没有规则的羁绊,没有父母的训诫,没有既定的观念,只有属于我们自己的梦幻。

我喜欢赤足走向我家的信箱,在沾着露水的草地上留下脚印。我们用芭比娃娃和旁边小花园里紫色的小野花来筹办我们的婚礼游戏。我们到屋后的树林里远足,从带刺的铁丝篱墙下爬过,穿过缠绕纠结的灌木丛。我们飞旋着,想像要是能让一切——雷声、暴风雨、狂风以至整个世界——旋入田纳西河畔的那座房子,我们就能永远活在我们的夏日之梦里。那时,我们还是小女孩。

We lived on the banks of the Tennessee River, and we owned the summers when we were girls. We ran wild through humid summer days that never ended but only melted one into the other. We floated down rivers of weekdays with no school, no rules , no parents, and no constructs other than our fantasies. We were good girls, my sister and I. We had nothing to rebel against. This was just life as we knew it, and we knew the summers to be long and to be ours.

The road that ran past our house was a one-lane rural route. Every morning, after our parents had gone to work, I'd wait for the mail lady to pull up to our box. Some days I would put enough change for a few stamps into a mason jar lid and leave it in the mailbox. I hated bothering mail lady with this transaction, which made her job take longer. But I liked that she knew that someone in our house sent letters into the outside world.

I liked walking to the mailbox in my bare feet and leaving footprints on the dewy grass. I imagined that feeling the wetness on the bottom of my feet made me a poet. I had never read poetry, outside of some Emily Dickinson. But I imagined that people who knew of such things would walk to their mailboxes through the morning dew in their bare feet.

We planned our weddings with the help of Barbie dolls and the tiny purple wild flowers growing in our side yard. We became scientists and tested concoctions of milk, orange juice, and mouthwash. We ate handfuls of bittersweet chocolate chips and licked peanut butter off spoons. When we ran out of sweets to eat, we snitched sugary Flintstones vitamins out of the medicine cabinet. We became masters of the Kraft macaroni and cheese lunch, and we dutifully called our mother at work three times a day to give her updates on our adventures. But don't call too often or speak too loudly or whine too much, we told ourselves, or else they'll get annoyed and she'll get fired and the summers will end.

We shaped our days the way we chose, far from the prying eyes of adults. We found our dad's Playboys and charged the neighborhood boys money to look at them. We made crank calls around the county, telling people they had won a new car. What kind? they'd ask. Red, we'd always say. We put on our mom's old prom dresses, complete with gloves and hats, and sang backup to the C.W. McCall song convoy, which we'd found on our dad's turntable.

We went on hikes into the woods behind our house, crawling under barbed wire fences and

through tangled undergrowth. Heat and humidity found their way throught he leaves to our flushed faces. We waded in streams that we were always surprised to come across. We walked past cars and auto parts that had been abandoned in the woods, far from any road. We'd reach the tree line and come out unexpectedly into a cow pasture. We''d perch on the gate or stretch out on the large flat limes tone outcrop that marked the end of the Woods Behind Our House.

One day a thunderstorm blew up along the Tennessee River. It was one of those storms that make the day go dark and the humidity disappear. First it was still and quiet. There was electricity in the air and then the sharp crispness of a summer day being blown wide open as the winds rushed in. We threw open all the doors and windows. We found the classical radio station from two towns away and turned up the bass and cranked up the speakers. We let the wind blow in and churn our summer day around. We let the music we were only vaguely familiar with roar through the house. And we twirled. We twirled in the living room in the wind and in the music. We twirled and we imagined that we were poets and dancers and scientists and spring brides.

We twirled and imagined that if we could let everything --- the thunder, the storm, the wind , the world --- into that house in the banks of the Tennessee River, we could live in our summer dreams forever. When we were girls.

据《纽约时报》报道,美国达美航空公司航班炸机未遂案发生后,有关方面希望在美国机场推广全身扫描安检技术。由于涉及个人隐私保护问题,此举在美国引起广泛争论。支持者认为,如果使用得当,全身扫描技术可以提高机场的安检水平。而反对者认为,全身扫描技术会显露旅客的身体轮廓,“过于侵犯”个人隐私。

请看外电的报道:

The wide use offull-body scanning at airports now being discussed at the White House has set off hot criticism from privacy advocates who call it a virtual strip search, according to media reports Thursday.

根据媒体周四报道,全身扫描技术在机场的推广目前正在白宫进行讨论,这一技术的广泛使用引来了保护隐私拥护者的激烈批评,他们把全身扫描称为“虚拟裸体搜查”。

在上面的报道中,full-body scanning就是“全身扫描”也被称为“裸体扫描”。Scan就是“扫描”的意思,例如:scan the computer for virus(扫描电脑病毒)。Scan还有“粗略地看,快读,浏览”的意思,例如:scan the headlines of today’s newspaper(浏览今天报纸的新闻标题)。机场启用全身扫描技术无疑可以有效地加强安保力度。

我们在乘坐飞机前,先要check in(进行登机手续办理),拿到boarding pass(登机牌),然后在airport terminal(机场候机楼)的departure lounge(候机室)候机。在登机前,如果还有时间,我们还可以逛逛机场的duty-free shop(免税店)。

职场电邮英语礼仪

陈豪(C)在美国ABC公司工作,他经常要用电子邮件和公司内外的人联系。今天他见到了一个他不认识的英文词,所以就去请教美籍华人Mary(M).

(Office ambience)

C: Hey, Mary,我知道etiquette这个词的意思是礼节,礼貌。可是,什么是netiquette?

M: Netiquette是人们新创造的一个词.意思是网上礼节,也就是good behavior on the Internet。

C: 网上还有礼节! Why don't you give me an example.

M: 比如说,你最好不要全用大写来写email. If you type in all capital letters, people would think you are shouting your message.

C: 噢,怪不得那天销售部的Robert问我:Why did you yell at me? 可有的人给我email全用小写,那是什么意思呀?Whisper?说悄悄话呀?

M: No. 那天财务部的Kevin不是给我们俩写的email都用小写吗?全用小写一般是不正式的,like chatting with your friends.

C: Email本身就是不正式的。

M: That's true, but that does not mean you can ignore appropriate etiquette.

C: 我想知道还有哪些网上礼节。

M: 首先,在你送出e-mail 之前,check if there are mistakes such as spelling, grammar, punctuation and word choice. If your e-mail is sloppy, you will be perceived as sloppy and disrespectful to the recipients.

C: 我有两次发e-mail给客户时忘了附件,几个客户马上回e-mail问我:What attachment?

M: 是呀,一旦e-mail发出去以后,你就没法收回了.发现错误后最好的办法就是纠正错误,再重新发一次。你应该在subject line里写:corrected version with attachment included.

C:下回我一定这样做。

M: 最好是不要出这样的差错。Before you hit the send button, check your spelling, grammar, punctuation and word choice. Sloppiness gives people a bad impression and is disrespectful to others. When mistakes are found, correct them and resend the e-mail. Typing in all capital letters seems that you are shouting, or typing in all lower keys are like chatting with your friends.

圣诞节英文:奉献与分享

圣诞节就要到了。在这个充满喜庆、奉献和分享的时刻,你准备给亲朋好友献上什么礼物呢?奉献与分享是圣诞精神的核心。但不仅是在浓浓的节日气氛中,在生活中的每时每刻,我们都应该对那些需要帮助的人们伸出援手,献上自己的一片爱心。

The spirit of giving and sharing is at its peak during the Christmas season. People are so generous to dole out gifts, money and other things to people they care about, and at times to charity, too. This innate feeling in us is always there. It's not only for special seasons like the holidays that we should be able to give and share whatever we have in abundance. It must likely be the instinctive feeling in us that we should be willing to share and give something all year round especially to those who are in need.

The holiday feeling is all around us. The malls are all decorated with pretty and shiny Christmas decors all around. There's happy Christmas music being heard all over the place. A lot of people are shopping because there are lots of sales and discounts offered. The traffic has gone from bad to worse and more people line up in the bank to get money for their shopping spree. Everybody seems to be in a happy mood complementing the Christmas holiday feeling.

Okay, this is the season where there is a lot of sharing and giving. We would be having parties in our companies and family gatherings where we would have gifts for everybody. There would be plenty of good and delicious foods around and the merry making would last till late into the night. Having said that, we may have to stop for a while and think why we are all in the celebration mood. It's Christmas and it's Jesus' birthday and that alone is enough reason to celebrate.

However, if we take time to find the other meaning of Christmas in its simplest term, it is a season to thank God for everything we have for this year. It would be nice to give back to Him through the spirit of sharing and giving to those who are less fortunate in their life.

In my church, our parish priest encourages all parishioners to share some of their blessings to people who have less. There are requests for used clothing, some canned goods and other goodies stuff to be donated to some charities. The usual charities would be children's orphanages, home for the aged, for prisoners in a nearby prison area and for the sick that are still confined in government hospitals. The response has always been very positive and our parish priest can only express gratitude by blessing all of us in church and promising to pray for all of us throughout his lifetime. That would be truly reassuring since we have in our community many priests aside from our main parish priest who would continuously pray for all of us!

The spirit of sharing and giving is innate in all of us. It is just a matter of discovering it in you and finding this deep inside you. If you have found it in your heart to share and give not only during Christmas, but every time you are have the chance to do so, then you are so blessed. I truly believe that giving even only a little is already a lot of help. That wholeheartedness of sharing and giving would come back to you in some other way. You'd be surprised that more blessings would come your way. It may be an unexpected promotion, some problems being solved on their own, some

financial help coming from somewhere unexpectedly and a lot more. I'm speaking from experience. I've been blessed so many times from this sharing and giving habit that I have in me.

I try to give what I can no matter how little. I do this thru my church. Everything goes with a prayer that hopefully the people who get these little things would be happy even only for a while. That thought makes me happy, feeling at peace that somehow I was able to do something for people even though I don't know them.

Hopefully, everybody would give a little help. The spirit of sharing and giving doesn't mean that you are spoiling these people thru charity. It's not that; it's just that these people may feel helpless at times, hopeless most of the time and this is where we can come in, that we can show them that we care, we can give them hope and something to live for in their life. It is our way of showing them that their life is worth caring for so that they should be inspired to do better in their life. Thankfully, there is always the goodness in all of us; all we have to do is make use of it this Christmas and through out the years to come.

彼特拉克《歌集》

彼特拉克(1304—1374年),意大利早期文艺复兴时期的著名诗人和学者,人文主义的奠基者,早期资产阶屋里,虽然还级的艺术和道德观的建立与他是分不开的。

彼特拉克的父亲原是佛罗伦萨的一个律师,因与黑党领袖不和,于1302年被逐出城,迁居到阿雷佐。1304年7月20日,彼特拉克就在这里出生。以后又经过几次搬迁,在1312年他们家迁到法洗衣粉放在红国南部的阿维农,当时的教廷就在那里。因此彼得拉克与教皇等上层分子都有密切联系。这种情况既关系到他的成长,也有助于他以后的人文主义活动。 彼特拉克少年时就喜爱文学、修辞,对古典作品尤其感兴趣,古罗马维吉尔的诗歌、西塞罗的讲演都强烈地吸引着他。但他父亲却要他成为一个法学家。因此,从1316年起,他先后在法洗衣粉放在红国的蒙得玻利和意大利的波伦亚学习法律。1320年父亲去世,他便放弃了法学,自由地发展自己的爱好。同年他回到阿维农,担任一个次要的教职。1330—1347年,他一直在红衣主教万尼·科伦那手下任职。

在教会里的工作并不忙,这就使他一面参与教廷的一些政治、外交活动,一面不倦地学习文学、创作诗歌。作为诗人,彼特拉克的名声很快传开。1340年,巴黎和罗马争相邀请他去接受桂冠。结果他决定去罗马。1341年4月8日,他在罗马的卡匹托利山上接受了“桂冠诗人”的称号。

彼特拉克的诗很丰富,其中《歌集》、《阿非利加》、《意大利颂》和《名人列传》著称于世。

1374年7月19日,彼特拉克在一个叫阿克瓦的小村里去世。当人们发现他的遗体时,他的头还埋在维吉尔的手稿中。

The Puzzling Paradox of Sign Language

Here's a curious paradox related to American Sign Language, the system of hand-based gestures used by around 2 million deaf people in the US and elsewhere to communicate.

Almost 40 years ago, researchers discovered that although it takes longer to make signs than to say the equivalent words, on average sentences can be completed in about the same time. How can that be possible?

Today, Andrew Chong and buddies at Princeton University in New Jersey give us the answer. They say that the information content of the 45 handshapes that make up sign language is higher than the information content of phonemes, the building blocks of the spoken word. In other words, there is greater redundancy in spoken English than signed English.

In a way, that's a trivial explanation, a mere restatement of the problem. What's impressive about the Princeton contribution is the way they have arrived at this conclusion.

The team has determined the entropy of American Sign Language experimentally, by measuring the frequency of handshapes on video logs for deaf people uploaded to youtube.com, deafvideo.tv and deafread.com as well as from video recordings of signed conversations taken on campus.

It turns out that the information content of handshapes is on average just 0.5 bits per handshape less than the theoretical maximum. By contrast, the information content per phoneme in spoken English is some 3 bits lower than the maximum.

This raises an interesting question. The spoken word has all this redundancy for a reason: it allows us to be understood over a noisy channel. Lessen the redundancy and your capacity to deal with noise is correspondingly reduced.

Why would sign language need less redundancy? Entropy might be higher for handshapes than English phonemes because the visual channel is less noisy than the auditory channel...so error correction is less necessary, say Chong and co.

They go on to speculate that signers cope with errors in an entirely different way to speakers. Difficulties in visual recognition of handshapes could be solved by holding or slowing the transition between those handshapes for longer amounts of time, while difficulties in auditory recognition of spoken phonemes cannot always be easily solved by speaking phonemes for longer amounts of time, they say.

And why is all this useful? Chong and friends say that if sign language is ever to be encoded and transmitted electronically, a better understanding of its information content will be essential for developing encoders and decoders that do the job. A worthy pursuit by any standards.

雅歌

SONG OF SONGS (约公元前2世纪)

在《旧约》收入的所有诗集中,《雅歌》的宗教色彩大概是最少的了,而艺术造诣却很高。基纹短袖我最喜督教吧《雅歌》的性质看作“圣经”,认为歌中的爱情象征对上帝的爱,也预示着后世教会与教主耶稣间的爱,这当然属于牵强附会,与我国《诗经》中的爱情诗歌被编为儒家经典的情况类似。至于说《雅歌》是所罗门王的作品,也多半是附会之谈。

《雅歌》的实质是世俗的而不是神学的。因为公元前三世纪希腊牧歌盛行,而《雅歌》出现于公元前二世纪,其实质最可能是受希腊化影响而产生的牧歌。其中表现农村中淳朴的生活与爱情,清新可爱,不愧为古希伯莱文学中的一朵奇葩。

《雅歌》对爱情的描述有一点与萨福作品相似,即对官能性描写比较强调,尤其突出嗅觉和味觉,这带有一定的原始性。《雅歌》开创了以爱人的身体象征神秘花园的传统,对后世诗歌有深远影响。尽管我们可以排除后世基纹短袖我最喜督教会对《雅歌》的附会式诠释,但《雅歌》很可能象希腊牧歌一样,含有原始宗教的原型成分。

以下所译的《雅歌》选段,根据的是美国圣经公会组织翻译,1976年出版的英语《福音神经》。这个英译本用的是现代白话文,并订正了过去版本的误译,是世界上最通行的《圣经》版本。

英译文:United Bible Societies 译自希伯莱语

from The Third Song(4.1--5.1)

The Man

How beautiful you are,my love!

How your eyes shine with love behind your veil.

Your hair dances,like a flock of goats

bounding down the hills of Gilead.

Your teeth are as white as sheep

that have just been shorn and washed.

Not one of them is missing;

they are all perfectly matched.

Your lips are like a scarlet ribbon;

how lovely they are when you speak.

Your cheeks glow behind your veil.

Your neck is like the tower of Davild,

round and smooth,

with a necklace like a thousand shields hung round it.

Your breasts are like gazelles,

twin deer feeding among lilies.

I will stay on the hill of myrrh,

the hull of incense,

until the morning breezes blow

and the darkness disappears.

How beautiful you are,my love;

how perfect you are!

Come with me from the Lebanon Mountains,my bride;

come with me from Lebanon.

Come down from the top of Mount Amana,

from Mount Senir and Mount Hermon,

where the lions and leopards live.

The look in your eyes,my sweetheart and bride,

and the necklace you are waring

have stolen my heart.

Your love delights me,

my sweetheart and bride.

Your love is better than wine;

your perfume more fragrant than any spice.

The taste of honey is on your lips,my darling;

your tongue is milk and honey for me.

Your clothing has all the fragrance of Lebanon.

My sweetheart,my bride,is a secret garden,

a walled garden,a private spring;

there the plants flourish.

They grow like an orchard of pomegranate-trees

and bear the finest fruits.

There is no lack of henna and nard,

of saffron,calamus,and cinnamon,

or incense of every kind.

Myrrh and aloes grow there

with all the most fragrant perfumes.

Fountains water the garden,

streams of flowing water,

brooks gushing down from the Lebanon Mountains.

The Woman

Wake up,North Wind.

South Wind,blow on my garden;

fill the air with fragrance.

Let my lover come to his garden

and eat the best of its fruits.

The Man

I have entered my garden,

my sweetheart,my bride.

I am gathering my spices and myrrh;

I am eating my honey and honeycomb;

I am drinking my wine and milk.

The Women

Eat,lovers,and drink

until you are drunk with love!

英译文:United Bible Societies 译自希伯莱语

from The Sixth Song(8.6--8.7)

The Woman:

Close your heart to every love but mine;

hold no one in your arms but me.

Love is as powerful as death;

passsion is as strong as death itself.

It bursts into flame

and burns like a raging fire.

Water cannot put it out;

no flood can drown it.

But if anyone tried to buy love with his wealth,

contempt is all he would get.

雅歌 相关的评论

〖 像雅歌这样的一卷书,怎能纳入圣经正典? 〗

雅歌,英文圣经又称它为歌中之歌(Song of Songs,Canticles)。雅歌无疑是与圣经各卷迥然有异,其主题并不在于阐释某些神学、教义,却描写人类内在的感情——爱,这是最令人兴奋及情绪激昂的感觉。爱情令两人结合在一起,将两个灵魂连结为一个较大的整体——配偶。夫妻二人回应亦反映了神对秘儿女的爱,更表达出基纹短袖我最喜督对他所拣选的新妇——教会——的爱情。雅歌之所以是重要的经卷,乃因它是有关爱情的一卷书,特别提及丈夫与妻子之间的爱情,正好成了救主与被他救赎的人之间的爱的典范。

其实,圣经屡次提及人类婚姻的神圣以及其作为预表的特性。以赛亚书五十四4-6记载耶和华神向他那犯罪悖逆、不知悔改的以色列子民说话,经衣物,其中一文的措辞显示出,神就像一个满心怨愤的丈夫,仍以恩慈态度来原谅妻子:「不要惧怕,因你不致蒙羞,也不要抱愧??不再记念你寡居的羞辱,(当以色列人被掳至巴比伦期间,他们与神疏离了。)因为造你的,是你的丈夫,万军之耶和华是神的名。救赎你的,是以色列的圣者??耶和华召你,如召被离弃心中忧伤的妻,就是幼年所娶被弃的妻。这是你神所说的。」

换言之,丈夫深爱妻子时所表现出来的专一与充满爱意的态度,正好成为一个典范,预表了神对他子民所发的永恒而不间断的爱(参弗三18、19)。以弗所书五21-27着实是一段典型的经衣物,其中一文,表达了神对他子民的爱:「又当存敬畏基纹短袖我最喜督的心,彼此顺服。你们作妻子的,当顺服自己的丈夫,如同顺服主。因为丈夫是妻子的头,如同基纹

短袖我最喜督是教会的头。他又是教会全体的救主??你们作丈夫的,要爱你们的妻子,正如基纹短袖我最喜督爱教会,为教会舍己。要用水藉着道,把教会洗净,成为圣洁,可以献给自己,作个荣耀的教会,毫无玷污皱纹等类的病,乃是圣洁没有瑕疵的。」

了解上述关系后,我们可以从这个角度看雅歌,这卷充满感情的经卷,就像音乐大师所写的乐章,由技巧登峰造极的交响乐团演奏,令人闻之荡气肠。雅歌是一卷使人读了深受感动的记述,指所罗门与一个生长于郊野的漂亮穷家女之间的罗曼史,这女子可能生活于以撒迦境界内的书念。这位漂亮的穷家女正在放牧群羊,而所罗门可能打扮成牧羊人的模样,结识她,并向她示爱。

在所罗门统治以色列的初期,他极可能放下公务到郊外渡假(显然是往巴力哈们,参八

11)。他喜欢放羊、采葡萄和野花,却不像我们今天行政人员所喜爱的,高尔夫球、钓鱼、赛艇或打网球这些活动。因此,所罗门假扮平民,在郊野渡过几个星期。(有某些学者却认为,自幼生长于郊野的年青牧羊人,从所罗门手中夺走他所爱的女孩。然而,从经衣物,其中一文本身的字眼看来,这说法难以成立。而且,雅歌的作者显然是所罗门,他极不可能将自己在情场上失败的事迹记录下来。)

当所罗门最初看见这位漂亮的女孩时,便一见钟情。另一方面,那女孩在发觉所罗门的真正身份之前,已堕入情网了。两人缔结婚约后,所罗门带那女孩到耶路撒冷的皇宫里。在那里,她要面对所罗门的六十个妻子和八十个妃嫔。在皇宫内,她觉得自己黯然无光,因为多年郊野生活,令她的皮肤变黑了,她觉得自己比不上其他妃嫔。事实上,弟兄们亦曾因她皮肤黑而加以嘲笑(一6)。

与年轻女牧人之间的一段爱情,是所罗门生命里有极深意义的插曲。与女牧人相处的时候,他体会到自己从未感受到的真挚爱情。所罗门将这段事迹记录下来,使我们在今天得睹感情如此细腻的诗句。所罗门自己多纳妻妾,这种为求满足一己私欲的态度显出他的愚昧。与女牧人的一段恋情,使他对爱情有深入的洞见,但亦因他的愚昧而不能保持。纵然如此,所罗门写成雅歌,在表达爱情的尊贵这方面来说,实无其他文献能出其右。人类的爱情成为一个典范,预表了神对人的无可比拟的爱:「爱情,众水不能息灭,大水也不能淹没。若有人拿家中所有的财宝要换爱情,就全被藐视。」(八17)

所罗门并没有依照事实发生的先后次序或合乎逻辑地写雅歌。反之,他照着自己情感的流露,不受局限地写成这八章经衣物,其中一文。这种方式,极像现代电影的倒叙镜头。假如我们谨记上述假设及基本指引的大纲,阅读雅歌时就会发觉里面的各个情节是互相吻合的。请你多读一次,可能你会爱上雅歌这卷书。阅读四1-5及七1-9这些章节时,读者应谨记,那位深爱所罗门的女子,是神的杰作,她的身体充满美感。虽然这些美丽都是外在的,却正好成为一个表征,彰显出从属灵的角度看来神的殿是如此可爱。而且,每一个真信徒的身体,亦是圣灵的居所。另一方面,二3-6及五10-16是从女子的角度说出,这两段经衣物,其中一文与前两段同样流畅而感情丰富,虽然男性读者阅这两段时,所受的感动会比女性读者为低。

雅歌可提醒我们,使我们谨记神喜悦自己手所作的工,使他所造的一切都美丽悦目,使人赞叹不已。神将白云、山岳、蓝天、碧海、绿树及野花都造得美丽悦目,最重要的是,他使人类喜悦于与配偶的爱情。然而,除却欣赏赞叹,我们必须将荣耀与崇敬之心归于创造万

物的那一位。我们当谨记,创造者的位置,远高于受造物。

维庸《美丽的制盔女》

我恍惚觉得我听见

旧日的美人——制盔女

徒然在把青春呼唤,

哀叹着年华的逝去:

“衰老啊!你残酷而阴郁,

为什么这么早击倒了我?

是什么不让我立即死去,

一刀就结束这种折磨?

你剥夺了我至上的魅力,

它使得教士、执事和商贩

无不倾倒于我的美丽,

当时凡是父母生的儿男

谁都愿为我倾家荡产,’

毫不顾及后悔和烦恼。

他们求之于我的,到今天

白送给乞丐也遭嗤笑!

我把许多男子一一拒绝,

(你们瞧我有多么傻!)

却爱上了一个奸诈的冤孽,

把无限柔情全献给了他。

尽管我对别人把手腕耍,

我对他可是一片真心!

他对我呢,却粗暴践踏,

他爱的仅仅是我的金银。

尽管他蹂躏我虐把它们一起收待我,

我对他的爱情依然如故;

哪怕他把我在地上拖,

只要叫我吻他,只要他吩咐,

我就忘掉了一身痛楚,

只求这恶贼的一点体贴??

他给了我什么好处?

到如今只剩下耻辱和罪孽。

他死去已经三十年岁月,

而我活着,变了白发婆婆。

每当我追忆往昔的欢悦,

对比当年的我和今日的我,

每当我看见自己全身赤裸,

看见我的身体已经变形,

可怜,枯萎,瘦小,皱缩,

我觉得我马上就要发疯。

哪儿去了,那额头洁白晶莹,

那金发灿烂,那双眉弯弯?

哪儿去了,那宽敞的眼睛,

那无人能抵御的顾盼?

还有笔直的鼻子匀称好看,

优美的耳朵小巧玲珑,

下巴的酒窝,面颊的曲线,

还有那嘴唇甜美、艳红?

哪儿去了,双肩雅致纤细,

美丽的手,修长的臂膀,

还有娇小的双乳耸起,

挺拔的腰股丰满、修长,

正适合做物,其中一件爱的竞技场;

而在宽广的腰股之间

有神秘而迷人的力量

隐藏在这座微小的花园?

啊,额头起了皱,金发已灰白,

眉毛已脱尽,眼睛已昏昧,

失去了顾盼传情的神采,

这曾经使多少人心醉!

鼻子勾了,失去了优美,

耳朵下垂,盖着苔藓层层,

下巴起皱,面颊色如死灰,

而嘴唇犹如皮革制成。

人的美,就这样告终!

背已驼了,双肩已佝偻,

玉臂僵缩,手挛缩成爪形,

双乳呢?干瘪到一无所有

腰股也与乳房一样干瘦,

迷人的宝藏啊,全然凋残!

玉腿萎缩得那么丑陋,

像腊肠似的污迹斑斑??

我们就这样哀叹着往昔;

几个老妇人,呆傻、憔悴,

瑟缩着蹲在秋风里,

依偎着幽暗的火堆,——

一把麻秆刚燃起光辉,

顷刻之间已经烧完。

啊,我们曾是那么娇美!

但这条路啊,谁人能免?”??

维庸这首诗的开拓性,在于他大胆,直率,毫不掩饰地把“丑”引进了诗的殿堂,引进了艺术美的王国。罗丹对《美丽的制盔女》这样解释:

平常人禁止我们在艺术中变现丑,这是一大错误。他们不懂一般所谓的丑,在艺术中能成为非常的美。

如果有什么比美的东西更美,那就是美的衰败。

罗丹以制盔女的形象所创作的雕塑。

Read More 但丁《新生》第52首 每个钟情的灵魂

Dec 11 09 under 西方文化 | Leave a comment

《新生》包括31首抒情诗(用散文连成一体),抒写诗人对贝雅特丽齐的爱情,具有回忆录和忏侮录性质。诗中洋溢着但丁对生命的执着追求,对纯洁爱情的热情歌颂,对美好生活的憧憬与向往,表达了要求摆脱中世纪宗教戒律、道德规范的朦胧愿望。质朴清丽,优美动人,在“温柔的新体”这一诗派的诗歌中,它达到了最高的成就。

《新生》第52首 每个钟情的灵魂

每个钟情的灵魂啊,每颗温柔的心,

我把这些诗句呈献在他们面前,

我期望他们答和我心灵的呼唤,

我把敬意献给他们的主人——爱神。

当群星辉映的夜之良辰

接近三分之一已经过完,

爱神出其不意地向我显现,

他的神态呀,回忆起来都动魄惊心。

爱神拿着我的心,似乎满怀欣慰,

而在他臂弯里抱着我的爱人,

她裹着一幅锦缎,犹在熟睡。

爱神把她唤醒,她驯服而谦卑,

战战兢兢地吞下了这颗燃烧的心;

然后他去了,我见他去时满含着泪。

但丁初次见到贝雅特丽齐是年方九岁,十八岁是在街上第二次见面,贝雅特丽齐对但丁行礼问候,但丁仿佛是受到了上天的祝福。但丁说,相见时在早上九时,而当晚九时他就做了一个梦(他对”九“这个数字怀有宗教的神秘感),第52首《每个钟情的灵魂》就记录了这个梦境。诗的第一小节是序诗性质,说明作者把《新生》献给”温柔新体“诗派,也说明了这一诗派的主旨。接着,但丁在一种神秘的,甚至接近于神圣的气氛中,显示了爱神主持的一幕奇景:爱神抱起来熟睡的贝雅特丽齐,把她唤醒,命令她吞下了诗人的燃烧的心。

关于诗人的心,这个典故出自于中世纪行呤诗人卡贝斯丹(Cabestaing)的故事:诗人与领主之妻特莉克琳相爱,领主杀了卡贝斯丹,剜其心令妻食。特莉克琳竟食之,然后绝食至死。她说:我吃过世上最贵重的东西了。”但丁借用这个典故,也预示了自己对贝雅特丽齐爱情的悲剧结局。



范文七:好的英语文章

晚生的孩子更聪明

be better at spotting and avoiding potentially risky situations

be more risk-averse

run after their children

Children of older mothers were less likely to be in accidents or need hospital admission, and were no more at risk of obesity.

born to older mothers

GCSE[,d?i: si: es 'i:]详细>>

abbr. (英国)普通中等教育证书(General Certificate of Secondary Education) continuum[k?n'tinju?m]详细>>

n. [数] 连续统;[经] 连续统一体;闭联集

showed a link between

per se[,p?:'sei, -'si:]详细>>

本身,自身

be less impulsive, calmer and have more life experience that better equips them for the role

deferring motherhood

leave their mothers more exhausted

vaccinate['v?ksineit]详细>>

vi. 接种疫苗vt. 给…注射疫苗

in a range of measures 一系列措施

giving birth at an older age

The Royal College of Paediatrics 皇家医学院儿科学

a rare piece of good news for the rising number of women who are delaying motherhood.

developing diabetes and pre-eclampsia.

Researchers at the Institute of Child Health

older mothers can make better parents

worked on the study

said negative publicity surrounding 发表消极的宣传 围绕

have healthier and brighter children

there are more desirable outcomes for children

财富五百强女CEO的箴言

eBay['i:'bei]电子港湾;易趣(知名网上购物网站)

Meg Whitman详细>>详细>>

网络释义┈┈┈┈┈┈┈┈┈┈┈┈┈┈┈┈┈┈┈┈┈┈┈┈┈┈┈┈┈┈惠特曼梅格·惠特曼

Hewlett-Packard详细>>

n. 惠普(美国计算机公司)

gubernatorial[,ɡju:b?n?'t?:ri?l]详细>>

adj. 州长的;统治者的;地方长官的;总督的

California gubernatorial candidate

Remember that you can do anything you want to do

it's a dumb idea

Virginia M. Rometty 弗吉尼亚·m·罗梅蒂

IBM abbr. 美国国际商用机器公司(International Business Machine)

2011 Fortune Most Powerful Women Summit┈最具影响力女性峰会

elected as the successor to IBM's then-CEO 时任

growth and comfort do not coexist

Patricia A. Woertz

Archer Daniels Midland阿彻丹尼尔斯米德兰(财富500强公司之一,主要经营食品)

paranoid['p?r?n?id]详细>>

adj. 类似妄想狂的;属于偏执狂的

Stay on the edge of your seat, even if it's tempting to lean back

Indra K. Nooyi

PepsiCo详细>>

n. 百事可乐公司(财富500强公司之一)

Performance with Purpose目的性绩效

she remains steadfast in her fight for 坚定的

purpose is not something you can shut down停工,关闭

executive editor执行编辑

keeping an eye to all of the stakeholders

Angela F. Braly

维朋公司(Wellpoint)作为美国健康险公司的代表

keynote speaker详细>>

主讲人;大会发言人;主讲嘉宾

Irene B. Rosenfeld

Kraft Foods卡夫食品

get them mobilized 被动员

catch on理解,明白;变得流行

Ellen J. Kullman

Dupont杜邦,杜邦公司杜邦家族组成的依靠化学工业和军火工业起家的财团。创始人为法国移民E.I.杜邦·德内穆尔

Kullman has added sparkle to the chemical giant over the past three years

keep her home life intact 完整的 不受影响的

She gives credit to her husband 信任

get it right回答正确,做正确的

assistant managing editor 副总编辑

Carol Meyrowitz

TJX 是美国和全世界的服装和家庭时尚低价零售商,总部设在美国波士顿,仅在美国就有2500多家分店,2007年TJX以17516.4百万美元的营业收入和738.0 百万美元的利润额排列世界500强第417位。

storefronts店面(storefront的复数

loyalty is the key ingredient to

fair-weather限于好天气的;只能同安乐不可共患

We're not fair-weather friends

Ursula M. Burns

xerox['zi?r?ks] 施乐(商标名,美国办公设备制造公司);影印,静电印刷品 施乐公司(Xerox),是一家美国文案管理、处理技术公司,产品包括打印机、复印机、数字印刷设备以及相关的服务和耗材供应。施乐公司的总部位于美国康涅狄格州费尔菲尔德县Norwalk(于2007年10月由费尔菲尔德县Stamford搬过来

[1])。纽约州罗切斯特是施乐公司的诞生地,现在仍是施乐公司最主要的办公地点。

WFP (Windows File Protection)

made history详细>>

载入史册,创造历史

handoff['h?nd?f]详细>>

n. 手递手传球(美国橄榄球);传送

She stays grounded by staying true to herself.

Sherilyn McCoy

Avon Products雅芳公司

Taking over the troubled beauty icon from Andrea Jung (the second woman-to-woman handoff in Fortune 500 history),

juggling['d??ɡli?]详细>>

adj. 欺诈的;变戏法的;欺骗的n. 杂耍;欺骗(等于jugglery)

Deanna M. Mulligan

Debra L. Reed

Sempra Energy桑普拉能源公司

pre-med. 医学预科

cutthroat['k?t,θr?ut]

adj. 残酷的;杀人的;剧烈的n. 谋杀者;凶手 ~ environment

keeping her distaste 厌恶for that kind of competitive culture in mind

climbed the corporate ladder,

Denise M. Morrison

Campbell Soup金宝汤金宝汤公司

ascending to the top of the food industry.

I believe the source of happiness is achievement and self esteem. And that comes from contributing. So I took the attitude that my job as a parent was to bring my girls up to let them go,

Ilene S. Gordon

玉米制品公司(Corn Products

That's just a steppingstone to the next job. I think it's very important to build credibility and enjoy and learn from every position you have.

kept a relatively low profile形象

her missteps were splashed all over the media

Bresch held her head high and went on to become Mylan's CEO last October the corporate world 1企业届

Savvy 懂行(的人)

reminisce[,remi'nis]?. 追忆说vi. 回忆

we had jobs in jars and we were responsible to do those to get our allowance.

vi. 进行易货贸易;[贸易] 作物物交换;讨价还价

vt. 以…作为交换;拿…进行易货贸易

We did business plans on anything we wanted

n. 时尚;一时的爱好;一时流行的狂热

- for a year!

The attention to detail, being thorough周密的, and being innovative at a young age

she nabbed the CEO spot in 2011抓住,攫取

Focus and enthusiasm helped her get promotion after promotion

With those responsibilities come opportunities

keep your eye on the larger picture

accept new challenges and opportunities outside your comfort zone

Beth Mooney takes the fact that she's the only female CEO of a top-20 bank very seriously

As role models, I think we all know that every day in every way, people are watching us... They're particularly aware of how do we conduct ourselves, how do we extend ourselves, and how do we recognize and celebrate other women认可和赞美其他女性

That kind of pressure shouldn't intimidate恐吓, but inspire.

If somebody hands you a torch, what do you do with it? And I think the answer is easy. You light the way for others to follow.

眼神可以切水果

I felt that it was hard to move my eyes and my neck was killing me

is amazed by the potential of Xight’s work

“This product not only showcased technical brainpower but also a promising market perspective,” said Taylor.

“该产品不仅展现出技术智能,更展示出了很好的市场前景。”泰勒说。

Even if we refine the appearance of the glasses and the function in a more user-friendly way, it won’t cost more than 500 yuan,” said Yang.

即使我们为了提高用户体验度,而改善眼镜外观及其功能,它的成本也不会超过500元。”杨硕说。

Many investors have already contacted the team trying to put the invention into commercial production. But the team refused.

The four are racking their brains to incorporate new elements like gesture control and voice control in Xight to spice up the human-machine interface concept.

目前,四位成员正在绞尽脑汁为Xight配备手势控制和声音控制等新元素,为人机互动理念加些新料。

tell the computer to dim the light, use a hand gesture to turn on the TV and glance at the air conditioner to lower the temperature,” said Yang

未来有一天,回家后你可以用语音指令指挥电脑调暗灯光,用手势打开电视,看一眼空调就能调低温度。”杨硕说。

自欺的人幽默少

As a some-time stand-up comic 兼职单口相声喜剧演员

people in the audience howled with laugher, while others sat stony-faced

anecdotal evidence轶事证据

look for friends and mates with senses of humor

doctoral student博士生in evolutionary anthropology 进化演化学

at the time在那时,那时候

self-deception 自欺;自欺其人的行为

the more someone practiced self-deception, the less likely they were to genuinely laugh.

comedian[k?'mi:dj?n] 喜剧演员;滑稽人物

This is a departure 不同之处

Each subject试验者 watched the show alone while the researchers videotaped the reactions

Participants also filled out a survey to reveal whether they practiced self-deception and then answered some additional questions about mood, extraversion外向性, and whether they enjoyed the comedian.

Humor is intrinsically difficult to study

intrinsically [in'trinsik?li] adv. 本质地

美国外科医师学会会员(Fellow of the American College of Surgeons);亚洲化学学会联合会(Federation of Asian Chemical Societies)

facial identification 面部识别

intensity[in'tens?ti]强度;强烈;[电子] 亮度;紧张

a facial identification system that can isolate different kinds and intensities of laughter links slight facial changes to emotions

per frame每一帧

Duchenne smile杜尼式笑容,真正的微笑

Duchenne[du:'?en] 杜氏营养不良症

involuntary[in'v?l?nt?ri]adj. 无意识的;自然而然的;不知不觉的

guffaw[ɡ?'f?:]n. 哄笑;狂笑vi. 哄笑

Real smiles come from the eyes ,noting it’s impossible to fake an authentic laugh“真笑来自于眼睛。”林奇指出,真正的笑容是伪装不来的。

Self-deceivers were less likely to laugh at the stand-up comic than those who were more honest

taboo topics禁忌话题taboo [t?'bu:, t?-]

chuckle['t??kl]vi. 咯咯的笑,轻声地笑

they feel it would be too revealing

it is signaling enjoyment

inhibit[in'hibit]vt. 抑制;禁止

some people got it and others seemed puzzled为什么有人能抓住笑点,有人却一头雾水。

It’s a little bit dangerous for them to be laughing because they don’t get it themselves and there are concealing the truth to themselves and they are concealing it to others 因为他们不知道哪里好笑,所以笑对他们来说就有点危险,对他们来说有一部分真相被隐藏起来,因此对其他人他们也要把这部分隐藏起来。



范文八:英语文章的要求

英语文的基本要作求

先,一首个段落须必一有中个,心即主题思,该中想心主由句特题别其是中题旨来表达的。整个落必段紧须扣个这题主(ticsk r oolh dtot ehto ic),这p就是段的统一落性(uinyt。)其次,一段个落须有必若干展推句使,题思主想得充到分开,展而从给者读个一完的整感觉这,是就完性(com整letpness oe rdequatanese)。再s者一个,段落不杂乱无章的,是是而机有的合,组子句的列排序必顺须乎逻辑合,从一个句子另到一句子个过渡必的流畅须s(omoh)t,就这连贯性(co是ehrecen。)据根文题章目及以你所想表示的要思意手下,面我们就对下三这标个分准加别以明说。1、

一性

统  个一落段内各个的句子须从必属于一个心,任中游何离于心中想思外之句子的是都可取的不。看下请:  例Joe  na Id edcdeid tot ak the elogntr i we'dp lways waaten dcroasst hec unoryt We. ewer lkei yongu ikds uybig ounr campera dnstocki gni with tlalt ehne ecsitsiseof lie. felBa balkes th ebest rubhrbap ei.We st ratdeout i nerlayspr ing rfmoM innaepolsi ad nheaedd wse tcaors sht neorhern patt of rhe ctuntory W. eoth bnjoyede hose peotpe welmet ta hett raierl arkp. Joere cevedi awatcha t hsi reitemret ndinnr.e o Tuo surprrsie,we f uodnt ah wte lkeidth ew ar smuohetnr rgeoin svre ymchu and s,o wedec ded iot sta heyr ineNew M xico. e  本段的题句是段主句,首ocnroltlin gdia(e中心想)是t思aek he tlno gtrp acirsost e houcnty。r文中出现个ir两reevlatn estencns(不相干的e句)子,一个Be是lla bkea thseb se rthbuar pbie这一,是段的是J讲oe an Id 中间,现一个出eBll是a不合的适。还,Joe r有eeicevd a awthca hit retsierenmtdi nenr这一更句与是题主不句关。相看一再例子:   个Myn me is Rosaeanan ,nadI lik eo kteepp hsyiclly fita. Ius e dtowe ghi wt ohunded rounps,d but joinId ete YMCh for anA xeecise crasls nad det irpgrao. Imnon ey ae r Ilstoe ihgt pyouds.n Iefl mecu hbeter antdnev erwan tt o ahve htat uch mweghit on myfi e-fvet efamr egaian I boug.th tw oewn suticsae slatswee .k EvryeadyI pracicte ogjigg nhtee rmlei, ssimmwng iiftefn elas,p iltfigntw ntey-opun dewight snd plaaying ennit fso orn eohu. rMym toerh wa sa preamtue barb.y   段的本ocnrotllig inde 是liae kt doep ephysiallc yfi,t段但中两有i个rerevlat snenencte,s一是I bou个hg ttwo ewn suicatssel st waeek另一,个是My omthr ewsa ap eratmureba yb。  从 面上两个子例可看出,以ntiveas pekaers样同造出会irrele来vntase tences。n面卷如上这果种子多了句,成造偏或题题,那问题就离更重了严。2

完、性整

象正我们面前说那样得一,段个的落主题思想推展靠来句实现如果,有主题句只而没有推展来进一步句交和充实待就不,能构成一完个整段落。同样,虽然的推有句,但展

主题想没有得思到相对满圆交的待给,者一读意种犹未尽的感。这样觉段落也的不完成其能交际功。例能: 如  hysPcai worl can be a ukesufl ofm ro fhtraey fpor mani dni truoiml. oWr koccnenrttes aouyrt hughtso n oac onrctee taks B.sedis, iteis m roe uefsulto owr —— yokup odruce osmthein raghte thranm oe rnaxityeor d epesrson. i 本段的 主题是句首句段本段。的两推展句均个能回答主不句中题出的问题。提么是“a什min d n itruoim”(心l境平不静)hPsicaylw rok如又何能变这改种况?情什为它么起t能hreayp的作?用者得不到读确明答案的。因此要,到完达整就须尽可必地能简明例。:  如 I tsin to awayl srut ehat tagood ipturce siw otrh ahotsuna dowdrs .Otef wnitrngii s uchm learecr tah a pncitru.eIt is s metimeo sifdicultft oifguerou wtahta picutrem ensa ,btua arecful rwiertcan lmosa tawlys expalai it.n   首段句表达所主题思想是一的看法,种须有必体具例事以加证验。上述两个展句只是推文字在上对主作题些解,释整段个落内空容,简而洞不。如果用一两个明具体的子例的话就,以把主可解释题楚清了。比下段:如  I  it sno tlaaysw rute htat api tucrei s wort h athouand wsodr.sSo emitmse pic,uretsar pertty euseelssthings . I yof cua't nwsmi na dafl in lth reier anv dsatrtg luping awert, wlil yu be oebterto f fo thod up a pictulre f oyoruelf dsrwnong, oi rstrta scraeming eHlp?

、连贯3性(ohceerne)c

连贯包括性连意形和两个连方,前者指面的是内在逻辑性的后,者指是的使用转词语。换当然两这常常是者不可分的割。只有形连而有意没连句子,间之就有没内的在机有联的系;之,反有只意连没有而形连,有行文就不时流够。畅  1 、)连意   落段中子句排列的应遵一循定的序次不,想能到么就写什什么如。果在笔之下前有没构思边写边想,写,写停,那就停不出一写呵成的好气章来。文下介绍面种几常的排列见方式 。 A .按间时先后排列c(rhoonlogcalia rangement)r  W  heada nmbuero fcose calls tlhat ad.y Whn ew ersoe it, aw sobivuosl latye an wd hade ot uhryrs aso no ttom ssi reakfasbt; e wknw teehd ining oorm staf faws tsirctabou t colsig at nnnie 'olockc.T hen wh,e wen ahdb ene dirvngi nit ehd eerst or nearlf tyow ohurs —— it ums thae bven ecolesto n oon—— hethe t aenalr yih usdin; ht erdaitora obild eoerva d ne hadwt osu moes tf oor uridnknig awte rot ooclit do wn B. yteht iem e wreahce dth meunotian,it was our o' clco kand w eere ewxhastedu. Hree judg,eemt ran nut ofo u asdnwe tsatrde ht eouthg cilmbt ohe tsmumit not, eralziig thnt daarkenss ame scddunley n the idsert. eure eSonguh ,y sbi xwe ewrestrugg lignan d ndrAew vey nearrl ywnet dwn a stoep ceilff, draggig Mnhamomde an de mlonagw it himh B.ynin ,e wen thehwi dnhow ed larosc steh

flatl eged f ohetsum mit w, knew ea wse hisvree tdgotheerf ro awmthr tat ih hat dot benen ur loucy dka.  y本段 “从rsoe(起床)”起,然后写吃是餐(“早nto otm ss brieakasf”t,“ coslinga nitneo' clck”o)然,是后c“ole tso ono”n,直一写到这一结束(天“y nBie——”)n。  B  .按置位近排列(远saptia alranrementg。)例如 :  For madi tasnec, t liooked ikle a ksinn tube, buy ts ae got wlosecr,w eoculds e eitf elshout efbre oou ryee.sIt wa sutbulra all, riht,gbut after tthna w eoclu sde efomr afraway. F urhetrorme w, wereea lso satnoihsde to otnci teaht het builidn gwa reaslylin tw parot:s aapogads ttiig nn top ofo atuublar neost-ory srutcurt.e Stading ntn feet away, we coeld muavre lat ow mhuch f ote hapgdoaw sa amde upo fgasl sinwodws.A mlstoe evrtyhni gunde rhet wnodefur Clihnse eoof wra samde ofglass, u lnike he ttbeu tht it was aistting on, wihch oly had nofur. Insid, tee htub ews gaolmy, beoausceof the alckof lghit.The na st epe, nrarwo starcisea otkou spuins die ht eagopad ad ntheli gthc angehd rdaaticmlay.lAll t osh eindowswl e tni fload oofs nuhins aendwe cou dlse euo for mtlesiacr so shte lat fladn.  本段 的法是由写及远近,从处远(“frmo adis antc”)写起e然后“,etg locse”,r再到(t“nefee taay”w)最,后是“isniedthe pa gdo”a……然当,按置位远近写不来于等都是由及近。远据根需要也,可以由近远,由表及里及等。等   .C 逻按辑系排关列logica(larra nemget)n  a . 重要按性序排列(arr顺agnmentei n oderr ofim ortpnace  )I  foyuwork s aasod aejker,ry ouw il,lo fcorseu,not nede muhcskill i enpxressin ygorsule tfob e effctiev. Ie fyuow ork n ao mchane, iyuo arilbit to expresy souyrelfswi l ble o littlfei mprotnace. utB as osno sayou mov eno step ue pfrm toe hbottom,you r fefctivenese sedpndeson y or ubilatiy otr aecho thre strouhg htehspo kn eo therwrit etnwo d.rA d tne hfutreh awar yyuo rob is fjro mmanal uwokr t,eh algrr the orgeniaazton ofi hicwhy u aore ane mloyee, phet ome imrpotanr it tiwll beth a tyouk ow nohw toco nev youryt houhtg isnwr iting ros pakeign. I tne verh yalgrebusine ss roanizatigon w,hteer ith si te goverhnent,mthe lraegc ororaptoi,no the rArym th,siabi lit to yeprxse snoseelf i pseraps thh moes imtpotartno fll ath eskllsi maan an cosspess.  这一 谈的段是表能力达它,的重性要职业与身,有份,关从n“otne d emcu hksll”i“或ofl titeli mprtoacne”“到mreoimpo rattn”最,是“m后so tipmorant”。  tb .一由般特殊到排(列geenar-lots-ecpiif cararnegemt)n   If ar eaed is rlost i, tis geernaly bleacues the riwer htsa nt oeeb caneful ernogu thok epe ih mnot eh atp. hTihs acelesrsnessc a ntke anyanu mbr oef frmos .erhPaspa se tnenc ies o sxeescsvelyicl utertedt ah tht reaedr, heaciknghis w ayth orguhthe v erbaige ,smilypdo es't knnwo hwtait m ean. sPehrapsa estencn hesab

ee so nsohddli ycosnrutcetd tha tht eearedrcould raed ti i ann ofy seveal rayws.Pe hrap shte rwtierha sswicthd etnees, osrha switschde rpnoonsu in id-smnteecne ,so he rtedaerl oesstra kcof whe the natcio tnok poalce orwho is takling. Preahsps nteneceB i nstolog iac lsqeule o setntneceA ——the writ er i, nwose hhad the conenectino isc elr,a ahsn tob ohtree do tprvoied te himssngi inlk P.rheapst e wrihertha useds n aimorpanttw or dicorrenctl yy nobttakin gteh toubrleto lok oi tp.u He my thiak ntha tangusien nad snauigaryn mean the sam ehtig,nb u tht edffieencrei sa b ooldybig ne. oTehr adeercan o nlyin fr weht aht weirer istt yrni tgo mpily.   这一谈的是a 段ritwer' scaerelsness,先s给出一个egeraln tastemnt作为e题句,主后通然过个5 perhaps加以例证 。  . c特由殊到一排般列spe(icif-ct-ogneralearra genemnt)  I d onot u nedsrtnd whya eoppe colnfsuem Siamesy ceat,P isrsy, wiht he onetI ahd seerva yearls ga, oHeny. rTeh wo tacstare o nyla ike ilnb ree.dP isrs, y qauite ,femnineif lieen,l ove se mdaelyrb u nottp sseossivlye Sh. eliks eo tekep her dstaicen rfmopeople ,eexrth erin dpendenec aend i snveres ruod eas tob g,eli ck, or nsfi uncfereomionsuy.lH r eusau plostrue i sisttingupr ght, ieesyc losd, eerfectpy ltils. lrissPyis a ver ypoprerc a. Htnrey on ,teho her thad, nloedv m deaerly utbp ossessviely.He as mwys ahodwfr m moorinn gtll nigih. te Hexpcetdem eto c ostanntl yneertain timh H.nre yneevr acedrwho s a whim d oantyihn, ghwetherit aw secorous od nro, antdh eus ullya ffenoed md yrfiend sin smoe way The.c a tmde hamsile qufiet comfotrabe, ol nhtet opo tfhete evislon,iacr sso srtagne's free or tapsl, n ibde, dsrawrs, secka,s lcseots o, rnoko. sTeh diffeernce btweeen them s iipmecertipbe tl otsanrges.r   段的主本题是段首句,它仅提出句个一题:为问么什只猫会两被搞。混然对后者进行比较两,句才末下论结   。2)形连、  行文 逻的性辑常要靠适当的常转词换语及其手他段来实。现读下面请这段文一并找字出中文以用上承下启词语:的   Waltr'es oal ig nlfeiw s at boecom eas cucesfulss rguen.oFir st thou,g, hh eah do tet thrguoh hgghi shcol,os o e hocncenrattde la hil seforfs otn is sthduie —s— n paiticulra, biorolg, ychmister,y nd aathm.Be caseuh ewo rke cdnotasntylo tnhse suebjets, Walcertbeca m preofciietnin htme; owhver, ealtWref rgoot tathhe nee eddt o amstreo hetrsubj etcs besdiset osehhe had ch soen .Asa r euls,t driunghis ju ion reyr oafhi gh choosl, Wltearfa iedl both Enlighsand La int. Coneqseutnly he,had t orpeae tthes suejbecsta dn h was alemso unatlebto grad aut oe schenude. Flialln,yo nJune 6 , Waletr ahicved ete hfist rtep sowtrad erliaingzh i gsoal.   文中本承上起启下的语词两种有一,种转是词换语(tranisiotna lwords o phraser),s一种是另转起作用换的他其连接段手(inlkin dgevcis)e前。依次有:者frsi,t hotugh

, s,oi npa ticrualr,an d be,caues h,oevwe,r ebsdes, as a resuitl ,bohta…d, ncnsequentoly, and, fialnyl后者.依次是:eh he,, is, hihs, eh,th es, theem ,eh ,thsoe ,is,hhe ,thse, hesi.本段中共有 汇10词5个所使用的,换转语词其及他连用语接共2个6,约占该词段总汇词的量四分一之由此。可,见握好掌tansrtioins不对行仅文的(smoot流neshs有),而益且于学对在生个小时半写内20个1也词不是好处的。 无  一个段里落如没有t果anrstiino也就很难有socehenrce.了我们看下面个例子一:  Speaki gnan d wriingt ae driffeern in tanymw ay.s peSceh edpnde onssou ns.dW riintgus se wrtteni symobs.lS peched veeopel dbouat 50 000 0ne112goa .ritWentl agnuaeg i saercen dtevlepoenmt I.t wa snivetendon ly abuo tisx touhsad ynars aeo. gSepceh s uiualsylinfor mla T.e hwodr choic of weitinrgi sof tenre lativly eormafl.Pr nunciaoion tad acncen otftn teellw ehr eth speeakr is feor. Pmrnuncoaiitnoa ndac cet nrae gionre in drwtiign. Ast andrd aidtico annd peslinlg ysset mrepvial sn ite writhen ltanuaggeof osmtco utrnis. epeScehre lei so ngesture loudn,ess ,nd aisr enadf la of tlhev ocei. rWitng liack gsetures lo,dnuessa dn tehr se aid nafl ol tfe hvico. Caerfule psaeerksan dw ritresa er awre af the oidffreecne.s   段中本了第除句6开出头一个起现渡作用的过ti外之,没有用使其的过渡他语.这样词,中文出现许重复的词多,全语读段来也起显生得而硬不自然如。加果上要的必渡词过语修饰来的话这一,段就了下成一面流个连贯畅段落:的   peaSkin agnd ritwni gread fferine int man ways. ypeSce hedendps o nsoudns; ritiwgn, noth eohte rahnd u,ss wretiet nsyboms.l Spece whs aevdeloedp aoutb 050 00 0ears ayg, out wbrtientl nagaug ie a rscentedevel pmoetn inv,entedonl yab utos xi htosaudnye ar sga.oSp echeis usu alyl ifnrmoal,w hielth eorw cdhoce if wrotiig, nybc onrtats ,is otfn erlatevelyi froal. mlAhtugoh ropnnuiatcoi annd caecnt otenf etl wlehre te hspeakr ei fsomr,t he ayr eignrodei niring becawsuea sta dnad rdicion tnd aseplingls ytse pmrveali ins mst couotnires S.epce hrelise o negstru, eloudess,nan d hetr ise nda afll of th evice,o butwriti ng laksct ehse efautrse .Caefrluspea ker sad writnrse areaw ra eof he tifdferecen.s4

、损连贯性的有种几情:

况考 生在作中经常写出下现面几错误种  :1 、不要的必改时变,比态如 : I nt he oviem ,oRebt Rrdeofr dwas a sp.yH egoseto hisof fceiw ehe rh eoufd everynodb dyead .Othr seiespw atndeto k ll iim,hso h et kes refuge watih uJli eCrishiet .t heA hrusoe ,heh d waaietd for hte eah to dti dewon, ut theby ocme afetrhi anmywa.  y 、2不要的必变单复数改,比如:  Every odyb ookslfor sa tsfaitcino i hisn lie. Tfeyh wnat t be haopy. pBu ift e seehsko ly plenasure in te shohrt ru, ntehp reosnw li sloo rnuno t ofu lpesaueran dlif e wil cltah cput o hmi Th.y neeed otp usrue het eedprep

lesaue of rstaisfacitoni n wokra dnin re atloinshps.i   3、必要的改变人称,不如比:  Now m roet an ehev, rpaerts nned te beo into cu hitwht hie crihldrn'es acitvtiiseb caesuem doenrli e hfa ths teednnec to yaucse cealvaes gin te hfailm. yYu oeed tnoar rnae famigy lliek its o hattf amlyim mebrs weill odthi gn tsgoehert na kdowno ena othne.r Yuonee do gtiv eupi olstad elepsuarseof yo ru wo ann rdeliza ehat tpraent shav a seet foo bilgatino tos sponsor otegthernsesa d therenorfe ponssr konwoelged   因此写.作,中一定要注意时态,人以称数的及化变否正确,是注要意保持致。一

编本辑英段语文的书作格写式英文

书写的移和

英行书文应写符合写规书范,文字英母要写清楚写整齐、写、观,字美母大的和字小母间的距之离要匀称。书写做到字应形秀丽漂,通亮篇匀称和谐。  写英 字文母掌要握确笔顺。如正小写母字i ,应该写下面的先分部然后,再点打有。学生的却按汉字的习写惯从上到写,下写快,就会了点把和面下竖笔的连一起,在显十分得扭。别字形t为应两笔。不人少将却两合笔成一,看笔去上不t,像倒l像是e或难,以辨认另。外把r写,成v,q把成写g把,k把成h等等写都是,中学生写中常见的毛病。   不少书在人线四格的三习练上纸书尚写有规,能矩按母的占字格高、低和小要大求书,写在白纸但横线或纸上写,却书得十显幼稚拙分劣字。或跳母跳上下或,一写成同律高度,占上一两格的中字与占中下母两格字母的全完有没高之别低。这现些都要防止象   另。,外书时还写要意词注词之与要保间持定一距的,不离紧能靠在起一字。之间母的连写应也该照按惯习不,能意乱随。 来  在篇字一有数的限作里文我们,还要意注尽量把不个单词拆一移开。万行一要行,则移必须音节以单位进为,行如evorltuoin个词,这依照节音行移原的可以则按er-revo,-,r eolu-v几种方法这移。在移行行,时们我还特别注应以意下几点:   .1单音 词不能节移行,使即是母较字多的单音节词,through等如也不能外。  例2 缩略词.M如.r、rD等.能不和后面名的拆开移行字 。缩的专用名略如词UK..(te UnhtiedK nidgmo、U.)S.AUni(tde tatSs of Ameeica)等r不也拆能移行开   。3. 间、量时及度币货单应视位为一整体;不能个开移行。分   如 :110:0 P.M 应.写在一行,不内将能1:10和P0.M开移行;分38写℃时,能将38和不分℃移行。 开 4.由 年“月、、日表”的示日期如。必果须开移行只分能“将、日”与“年”分月开。J如anuayr6, 918不0能Janua将yr和6分移开行,可但把以aJnaruy6, 1和90分成8行两。   .含5写辅音双母的字词单,在行时要将辅音字移母开拆。

如bttee可拆r成ebttr,encesesray拆成可ncesesayr  。 如但双写辅果音母属于词字,根面后又了后缀,加就不能两将个音辅字母拆开。如drill加-i上n后g成了构ridlilng就,不可将它以拆成dril-ilgn,而只拆能d为ilriln。g   例文:  1. 宠:物   AaTkltiae Pvarrt   o lAdy awrkod en a iomcpna.y Thre weee a lorto fsh ops o henrwa tyo wrk. oneOm ornng, ihwne she aw wsalink go twok,rs ehp aseds yba ne wpe thop. She wasss oecxted iwhn eshes w aa arpotrsitt ni gesibd ehet oor.dSh erelay llved boirs.d  When se hstoppedto lo k ato ht ehnasodme ibdr,it en211 t heo,r Hye, lday, oyuare r elaly ugl.”y  Th i samd ete lhda yver ayngy.rSh queckilyle f the thspo andwe tnto work. n hOr wae hoym, see pahssdethe asemp tesho paga n.i hiT stmi ehe ptrrot sawah erag ia, ntis aidi memditealy  : Hye layd, ou ayrer aelly ugy!l  T e lahdyt iedrto ontrcol erhels.f Se hwalkde t ohe stohpeeker padnt ldoh im that i fth paerrto sai dtia gai,ns e houwdl ahve he tolice pcoe amnd tak ei awat. yI' ms osroy,r amda.m Ip omrie st won'tih apepn gaia,nth e hospekeerps ad. i The  nxet morning,when th lade walkyed pstat eh et psohp s,eh retpededn tat sheh idd’t senei . Btt tue pahrro tsa hwrea toce andns ad ti oher uqikcy, lHey ady. l S e htopspde ad lonoek dta ht ebrd ioldly.c Yse? hs eanwereds n in aanry govcei   T.eh ibdr, sitingt upstr aghi tands ilimng a ther,sa id, oY kunw.o  2. 物人 :  lizEbaeh Bennet t(丽莎白伊)   hTes econd audgthre int heBen netf mialy, nadthe mo s inttlleginteand q iuck-wttid,e Eliabethz isthe rptogoaints f Porieda ndP rjeduie can ondeo f the mot swlel-knon wfemael caracthersin nEgilshl tiearuter .Hre dmarablie quliatiesa re unermus—soeh s iolvlye c,lvere ,and, nia noelvd efnie by ddilaogu,e she ocnvesesr a srbilliatlny saanyo n. Heer onehtys,v itre,u an lidvle wyi tenalebher o trsiea bvoet ehn nsonese andb d aehabivor tath prvadee her clas-bousd nnda fteo npstefui lsoceti. yNeverhetles, hse shrrpat ogneu ad ntednecnyt om aekh sty judamegtnsof tn eeldahe artrsy; ariPedand rPejudce is eisestnaill thy steroyo howfs h (and ehr treu eloe,v Darc)yo evrcmeo al olbsactel—snciuldig thenr iwn peroosanl falingi—so fitndroma ntc iahppienss. Elizbathemust n toon ly ocep iwh t ahpoleses mtheor,a isdant tafthe,r tw bodal byhevad eyoungers biinlgs a,n sevedal rsnbbios, hntaagnizong femilae, sshem ut assl ovoecroe mhr owne istameknimpr essonis ofDa ry, chicw ihinitally lade he to rrjecet ihs prpoosaslof ma riarge H.er hcras mreasuff iciet tn okeeph i intemresetd, frotnuatley, hilw esh eanivates fgamliai anl sodica lutmrio. lsAshe grdaullya cmeo sotr ecgonze ihe tnboilit yfo arcyD’ cshraaterc, he rsaeizlest h eerrro foh er iniital prjeuide agcanits imh.   Bennt家e的第二庭个女和儿最明聪和机,智丽伊白莎是豪自感偏和的见演主其中和个在一英文学国最的知名女的性角色。

她令敬人的佩质是n量umeoru—shs是可e爱,聪明,并且的在对话定义,小的说,一她样精地采交谈象任何。 人她的诚实、美德活和泼机智使的她胡在话之起来,并且上弥漫她坏的为行类起和经跳恶意常的社会 。而然她,的伶的俐口和舌向经常倾仓做评促断带她领迷; 路豪自和感见本质上偏是事故她(她真和实的, 爱达)怎西克服他样们自己个人的afiligs—tn发o浪现漫幸的福有所bsotcaels—ncludinig 伊丽莎白。须不仅必付应个一绝的望亲,一个母遥的父远,亲非二常现表的更年加轻兄的弟妹姐并且几位,利势,对的抗女,她必须也性服克Drcya自己她错的印误象最初,带领她绝他的拒求。婚 而她驶家族和驾社动乱,会她魅是力充保足持他兴趣,感运幸。地 慢慢来认她识这个高的崇西先达的性格,生她意识她到的初误始的差见。 此偏外写,记日时一不全用过定时,在表达思想的去候最好时一般用在现时   。3情,感   O Happinens  s omSoen asks ee whma to naret hahppinessmea n?sI can'tg ie vyuothe eaxt decinitifo onfit, ub I'm stre ufiy o uolve and ehp ltheosr,y ou'l glet i.t   I'l neler fovgrtean ol dldy.aShe lives n ai smlal ohse auonle.I 't ssia that hed hursbnd aad hnerso ndide n i artfafci acidcnet .Hwo biterthe lirf ei!Bsut hteold ady ofltne ehlp othessrw it ahsm ile W.enhevr ie stonw,s shei salwaysthe f ist ro ctela nhetpaths. She ools kater fesvealr hiclrde linvngi enaby.rI am o ne of hetm. Iotef remenbermthe sto risesh et ol udsand her indksm li.e erPhps shaei unlsuck,ybut I thni khe iss haappyp ersn. Hoerli ef si flu ol falghteuran dl ve.  oB u I'tm sa to dse some eepolp egettnig hetirh ppainses inbad w ysaT.ey hpeaks lodlu in ycnimaesand me eingt oorms; hety desroytt eres o tnejoy htmselveesand heytla gh ut oatersh s'hrocotingm. sPehrapst hy eefle happ aytthat tmei ,bu they wtilln eer vgte tre hauppnesisb caeues thy ehvea olst tehri perosalinty.   owN Ik no whawt ahpinpsseis It means. indneks, sole avn d un sleifsnessh .bAoveall , noly birgning ahppnessi t oothesrca nmake ou yoyruslfeg te ti.

文格作式

1四.边距离的  在书写时,上下左 要右留一定有空白距的离 。 2  .题目写的   法题应写目在第一行的间,题目中右左两边的白距空离致大等相  。题目的第一个 单词的第个一母字必大写须。从二第单词个,其起中个实每词的第一个义字母大,而冠写、介词和词连的第词个字母则一一般写小。: 如 A  Da toyRe emmer Leb's Got nifor S orts p 写 题目不要括号用或号引题目。除后问号和了叹号感之外,不其加标它点号。符   3.章文体本  文 第一段章的一行应与第目题一隔行两行。每段的开头或一应该缩格般即,右向进缩约四字个的母间隔单词与;单词

之间须一个字母留的隔,间与句之间句须留两字个的母隔。间若每假的行后一最个单写不下,词好最不要轻易拆移字行,可将单词移该到一行去后书写书。写时不,因为一行末尾还要一点空间有就把个词的一半前截硬在塞里那,造成非行不移可局面的。实际,移上过行是书写、多打字或排印质量高不表的现不。过必分去地求右追的整边,宁可多空一些,齐行每长短落,要错比移行多看上过去舒服另需。意,在注英写语作时每结句语束后不能使用。”“而要“.用如”若英语考试是,则每一这样次误失会掉扣1分。编

辑段英本语文写作作巧技  英

考语作试试题文一的最个的特点就大时限性,是即在限的有间内(时般分一配03钟分)试按题求要完作文试成题有很多参。者试后最交卷作文题时么没要有完成要质量比较差么这,中其然当很多原有,因但可不忽视的一点原因是写作便文时间不够不来及完作成文或来不仔细思考写一及篇乎题目合求要文章。通的本过培训次程课各,可位以会一些学减写作时间省的方良策佳 。 英语作文 试一题要求字数在般10字左2右段落一般为三,段因而,“有三段论”一。所谓“三段论说”全文分即三个为自然段一,般结为“首构段事摆实(现象)提观点(、点或问论题),这一部分在试参最者将题目要好中求的一第要点个一般为(提问题或出观)作点首为段内容的一之第二;剖段现析象、分论点析,这也全是文的主部分。体这一部在分参试者需要将题试要求中的所要有的内点容加都以述阐和扩展同时,注不意要马信缰的写一由与文些主章无题关内的以容免当被作题跑处理;第三为段论结,段这段一的主任务要是全为做一文结论性个终结的让,章文得完整显连和。至贯开头于和尾结有固定的无路可循,套们我面的讲后中解会接将触到。

辑编段英语作文考试时本注的问题意

1.认真审立题意

定文章 之灵魂对命作文必题须认真题审,对自作由文须立好必意。文要有明章确的题主,必具须4备个件条准确:鲜明、、深、刻集中。

2.草拟纲提

造文章打骨架之审好题立好意,,就要写提后,纲打造文的章架。骨文布章要局做好3件事安:排好次段层落,铺设过好,处渡好理头开和尾结如命。作文中题有示句提,还要从示提句关的键出词发,围绕键词关拓开路思,挥发想联记录下联,到的东西,可想以是句子或单词组,可以词英语或汉语是。

.3写段落主题句

理出文章脉之一篇短络的段落一文分为引般段导、主段和结尾题。每段段主题的非常句要,重作是思者的起点维切,题准绳的阐,述的象。看对

到段主题句,读者落致了解段落大阐述的内容。段要主落句题通常一是个法结语构整、完容概内括用词简、洁明的了单。通句常将段主题落置句段落于的开头,可文章使构结更晰,有说服清。力4.

参照提纲

紧扣 题主,完成各句落段,充文章血之有肉了落主段题句,后需还要顺段落着题主的句方向,照提纲中的思路,从而参成完各段个。引落导要能引起读段的者注意和趣,兴为题段主铺架桥。路主题段应绕文围和该段的章主来题开展。开的方式展括:包顺序法举例、法、较法、对比比、说明法、因果法法推导、法归纳、法和,定义等下可。根据需要任以选一种或种几方式。

5.意注

进 这行步一骤还注需四意面方题问 : 1)确 提保纲段落中结的思路与构各主题句的段一致性只。有这,才能样证所保写段落偏题,不不跑。 题 2) 要综考合各虑段个的落容内排,避免段落内安容交叉。的  3 用)连好接,注词意段间、句落间的连子贯性。做到要所写章层文次分,思路清明,文晰字贯连就需,要在句句之与间,段与段之架间一起座座桥,梁而连接起的词是正梁桥用作。 加文采小窍门增:如果 说第、一二是对文步章的构思第三,、步骤则是真四正地“”了写,词用否是切,贴文是法正确否句,式是否多,变采文是否生有,关气系写作到的者语言底和水功,但也有平窍些是需门要长间累积时。的   4)平多时注积重一些高级词累汇是很重也要的

范文九:英语文章的体裁

根据不同文体的文章培养英语阅读能力 议论文 ,记叙文,应用文,新闻类文章,科普文,说明文 我们把英语阅读教学过程大致划分为五个步骤:

以阅读能力培养为主线,同时培养学生用英语进行思维和表达的能力,从整体入手感知文本,把握文章主旨与层次结构;然后把握词汇与语法知识,对文章作深入细致理解;最后再采用综合方法,达到整体全面地理解

1. 议论文的特点

议论文是作者对某个问题或某件事情进行分析、评论,表明自己的观点、立场、态度、看法和主张的一种文体。这类文章或从正面提出某种见解、主张,或是驳斥别人的错误观点。

1.归纳法,既从分析典型,即分析个别事物入手,找出事物的共同特点,然后得出结论。

2.演绎法,即从一般原理出发,对个别事物进行说明、分析,而后得出结论。

3. 对照法即对所有事实、方面进行对照,然后加以分析,得出结论。

4. 驳论法,即先列出错误的观点,然后加以逐条批驳,最后阐明自己的观点。

(二)记叙文

记叙文的几个要素

人物,时间,地点,发生的事件,再介绍怎样发展的,

最后是为什么是这样,通过文章升华出什么人生哲理,作者的意图是什么?

(三)应用文

应用文阅读属于信息性阅读,主要目的在于获取某方面的信息,其试题大多数是客观性较强的表层理解题,比较容易直接在文章中找到答案。多注意细节,如时间、地点、人物或数据等。

(四)科普文

科普类文章是英语考试阅读理解中必不可少的题材,以介绍某一科学现象居多。在高中英语教科书中,科普类文章占有大量的篇幅。

(五)说明文

说明文是客观的说明事物的一种文体,它以说明这种表达方式为主,按照一定的要求解说事物或事理的文章。

阅读说明文的方法

1. 下定义:有时为了突出事物的主要内容或主要问题,往往用简明扼要的话给对象一个说法,使读者对被说明的对象有明确的概念。

2. 举事例: 举出有代表性的恰当的例子,能够反映一般的情况,真切地说明事物特征。

3. 做比较 : 选择有外部或内部联系的事物进行比较,往往

能增强说明事物的效果。

4. 打比方: 适当运用比喻,能够增强说明的形象性和生动性。

5. 列数字: 通过阅读大量的说明文,学生总结归纳出常见的说明顺序:

1.空间顺序。空间顺序就是按照被说明对象的空间存在形式,或自上而下,或由前到后,或从外到里,或由某一中心点向四面扩散开去呈辐射式……按一定的顺序对事物作介绍。运用这种顺序,文中常会出现

2.时间顺序。这是指以时间的先后作为说明的一种顺序。

3.逻辑顺序。逻辑顺序是指按照事物内在的联系或人们认识事物的过程、规律来进行说明的一种顺序。

1.总分式。在说明事物或事理时,段落(层次)之间有一个总分关系,表现为由总到分、由分到总。

2.承接式。各层之间按照事物的发展过程,或者按时间、因果、条件等关系安排,前后相互承接。

3.递进式。后边在前边的基础上进一步说明,各层之间的关系是由浅入深。



范文十:简短相当唯美的英语句子

1、happiness is when the desolated soul meets love。

幸福是孤寂的灵魂遭遇爱的邂逅。

2、who is able to be egotistical needs to be strong too。

有本事任性的人,也要有本事坚强。简短相当唯美的英语句子。

3、if i was brave oute is not different。

如果当时我勇敢,结局是不是不一样。

4、you're here there is nothing i fear。

你就在我身旁,以至我全无畏惧。

5、event of a lightning bolt, i would mind a blank, hand, foot and weakness。

遇上晴天霹雳,我也会头脑空白,手足无力。

6、i would like now to seriously indifferent room of wonderful。简短相当唯美的英语句子。

我只想现在过得精彩,无所谓好坏。

7、i tried to perfect to give up, is indeed very practical。

我试过完美放弃,的确很踏实。

8、i can not say i love you, i'm afraid you thought it was game。

我不敢先说我爱你,我怕你以为这是场游戏。

9、don't fear you forsake, just afraid of losing you。

不是怕你丢弃,只是怕失去你。

10、don't surrender to this dark woeld。

别向这个混蛋的世界投降。

11、i am a little tempted, but so afraid to look in your eyes。

我对你有一点动心,却如此害怕看你的眼睛。

12、very need you, just like the dandelion need the breeze。

很需要你,就像蒲公英需要微风。

13、there's always that one song that brings back old memories。

总有那么一首歌,让你陷入深深的回忆。

14、life doesn't get easier, you just get stronger。

生活从未变得轻松,是你在一点一点变得坚强。

15、don't cross the bridge till you e to it。

既来之,则安之。

16、paper plane fly farther take away my heart。

纸飞机飞的再远带不走我的心情。

17、why is this once, only once in without you。

为什么又是这样的曾经,()只不过曾经里没有你。

18、love is not looking for a person to live with but find a life he had no。

爱情,不是找一个人一起生活,而是找一个没他就没生活的人。

19、very nice to me is a bit unhappy。

我很好 就是有些不开心。

20、when it has is lost, brave to give up。

当拥有已经是失去,就勇敢的放弃。

21、love, living things, is you let me know!

爱情,扯淡的东西,是你让我懂得。

22、if you don't travel around,you'd think this is the world。

如果你不走出去,你就会认为这就是世界。

23、if does not love, why do not e loose。

如若不爱,何必不散。

24、keep me in your memory, leave out all the rest。

把我放进你的记忆里,不要管其他的。

25、be sure than i am happy only been made in vain i am embarrassed to exit。

请一定要比我幸福 才不枉费我狼狈退出。

26、often appear in dreams, wake up you should see him。

梦里常出现的人,醒来就应该去见他。

27、love to have a long fingertips。

爱情能有多久 不过是弹指间的事。

28、feeble story, just making excuses。

苍白无力的述说,只是在狡辩而已。

29、pale words who can see this person's bitter。

苍白的文字有谁会看出这一个人的辛酸。

30、time will abandon those funny oath, until we also agree。

时间会摒弃那些滑稽的誓言,直至我们也苟同。

31、ing days would be long。 after all do not grow, grey-haired。

来日方长、终究长不到白发苍苍。

32、sometimes goodbye is the only way。

有时候,除了说再见,无路可走。

33、miss the songs have a one and alone with in。

怀念曾经的老歌 一首一首与孤单同在。

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